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Association Between Low Education and Higher Global Cardiovascular Risk

Overview of attention for article published in Journal of Clinical Hypertension, February 2015
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Title
Association Between Low Education and Higher Global Cardiovascular Risk
Published in
Journal of Clinical Hypertension, February 2015
DOI 10.1111/jch.12506
Pubmed ID
Authors

Tiziana Di Chiara, Alessandra Scaglione, Salvatore Corrao, Christiano Argano, Antonio Pinto, Rosario Scaglione

Abstract

This study was designed to evaluate the impact of educational status on global cardiovascular risk in a southern Italian urban population. The study population consisted of 488 consecutive outpatients aged 18 years and older. Educational status was categorized according to the number of years of formal education as follows: (1) low education group (<10 years) and (2) medium-high education group (10-15 years). In both groups, cardiometabolic comorbidities (obesity, visceral obesity, diabetes, dyslipidemia, metabolic syndrome, microalbuminuria, left ventricular hypertrophy) and global cardiovascular risk, according to international guidelines, were analyzed. Left ventricular mass index and ejection fraction by echocardiography and E/A ratio, by pulsed-wave Doppler, were calculated. The low education group was characterized by a significantly higher prevalence of patients with visceral obesity (P=.021), hypertension (P=.010), metabolic syndrome (P=.000), and microalbuminuria (P=.000) and greater global cardiovascular risk (P=.000). Significantly increased levels of microalbuminuria (P=.000) and significantly decreased values of E/A ratio (P=.000) were also detected in the low education group. Global cardiovascular risk correlated directly with waist-to-hip ratio (P=.010), microalbuminuria (P=.015), and the metabolic syndrome (P>.012) and inversely with educational status (P=.000). Education was independently (P=.000) associated with global cardiovascular risk. These data indicate a strong association between low education and cardiometabolic comorbidities suitable to influence the evolution of chronic degenerative diseases. Preventive strategies need to be more efficient and more effective in this patient population.

Twitter Demographics

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 27 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Brazil 1 4%
Unknown 26 96%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 6 22%
Student > Master 5 19%
Student > Ph. D. Student 4 15%
Student > Postgraduate 4 15%
Unspecified 2 7%
Other 6 22%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 14 52%
Nursing and Health Professions 4 15%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 3 11%
Unspecified 2 7%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 2 7%
Other 2 7%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 09 March 2015.
All research outputs
#8,395,833
of 13,402,922 outputs
Outputs from Journal of Clinical Hypertension
#557
of 1,028 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#115,750
of 216,997 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Journal of Clinical Hypertension
#14
of 21 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 13,402,922 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 23rd percentile – i.e., 23% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 1,028 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 5.2. This one is in the 34th percentile – i.e., 34% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 216,997 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 36th percentile – i.e., 36% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 21 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 28th percentile – i.e., 28% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.