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Depressive symptoms in caregivers of patients with dementia: demographic variables and burden

Overview of attention for article published in Clinical Interventions in Aging, January 2015
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Title
Depressive symptoms in caregivers of patients with dementia: demographic variables and burden
Published in
Clinical Interventions in Aging, January 2015
DOI 10.2147/cia.s74439
Pubmed ID
Authors

Pasquale De Fazio, Roberto Lacava, Patrizia Gentile, Gregorio Cerminara, Amalia Talarico, Antonella Bruni, Paola Ciambrone, Pietro Gareri, Cristina Segura-Garcìa, Elvira Barbuto

Abstract

Individuals suffering from dementia are affected by a progressive and significant global deterioration and, consequently, might require longer assistance in the advanced stage of the illness. The illness is a great burden on the person who takes care of a patient, namely, the caregiver. This study aims to analyze the presence and relationship of specific sociodemographic variables, subjective burden, and depressive symptoms among caregivers of patients with dementia. The participants of this study were caregivers at a health care unit for the elderly in southern Italy. An evaluation of the burden of patients with dementia on caregivers was carried out using the Caregiver Burden Inventory (CBI) and depressive symptoms using the Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS). A total of 150 caregivers completed the study. In all, 83 (55%) caregivers showed a total CBI score ≥36, of whom 70% showed pathological depression scores in SDS. According to SDS, 28 (19%) caregivers showed a total CBI score from 24 to 36, of whom 32% were depressed. Depression was present in 5% of the caregivers whose CBI score was <24. Hence, an association between burden and depression was evident (χ (2)=47.446, P<0.001). A multiple linear regression analysis showed that depression (adjusted R (2)=0.622, F=50.123, P<0.001) was associated with higher physical (β=0.666, P=0.001) and developmental (β=0.712, P<0.001) burdens, lower socioeconomic status (β=-4.282; P=0.002), higher level of urbanicity (β=3.070; P=0.012), and advanced age (β=2.132; P=0.08). Our study confirms the presence of depressive symptoms in a large number of caregivers with high burden. Nevertheless, this study demonstrates that depressive symptoms are mainly associated with sociodemographic variables and, to a lesser degree, physical and developmental burdens.

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 118 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United States 1 <1%
Brazil 1 <1%
Unknown 116 98%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 20 17%
Student > Bachelor 19 16%
Unspecified 13 11%
Researcher 12 10%
Student > Doctoral Student 6 5%
Other 19 16%
Unknown 29 25%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 20 17%
Nursing and Health Professions 18 15%
Psychology 17 14%
Unspecified 13 11%
Social Sciences 5 4%
Other 16 14%
Unknown 29 25%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 02 July 2015.
All research outputs
#17,764,580
of 22,816,807 outputs
Outputs from Clinical Interventions in Aging
#1,298
of 1,839 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#241,869
of 353,111 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Clinical Interventions in Aging
#92
of 143 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 22,816,807 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 19th percentile – i.e., 19% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 1,839 research outputs from this source. They typically receive more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 9.8. This one is in the 21st percentile – i.e., 21% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 353,111 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 27th percentile – i.e., 27% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 143 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 21st percentile – i.e., 21% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.