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The Oligopoly of Academic Publishers in the Digital Era

Overview of attention for article published in PLoS ONE, June 2015
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • Among the highest-scoring outputs from this source (#17 of 118,525)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (99th percentile)

Readers on

mendeley
380 Mendeley
citeulike
6 CiteULike
Title
The Oligopoly of Academic Publishers in the Digital Era
Published in
PLoS ONE, June 2015
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0127502
Pubmed ID
Authors

Vincent Larivière, Stefanie Haustein, Philippe Mongeon, Larivière, Vincent, Haustein, Stefanie, Mongeon, Philippe

Abstract

The consolidation of the scientific publishing industry has been the topic of much debate within and outside the scientific community, especially in relation to major publishers' high profit margins. However, the share of scientific output published in the journals of these major publishers, as well as its evolution over time and across various disciplines, has not yet been analyzed. This paper provides such analysis, based on 45 million documents indexed in the Web of Science over the period 1973-2013. It shows that in both natural and medical sciences (NMS) and social sciences and humanities (SSH), Reed-Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Springer, and Taylor & Francis increased their share of the published output, especially since the advent of the digital era (mid-1990s). Combined, the top five most prolific publishers account for more than 50% of all papers published in 2013. Disciplines of the social sciences have the highest level of concentration (70% of papers from the top five publishers), while the humanities have remained relatively independent (20% from top five publishers). NMS disciplines are in between, mainly because of the strength of their scientific societies, such as the ACS in chemistry or APS in physics. The paper also examines the migration of journals between small and big publishing houses and explores the effect of publisher change on citation impact. It concludes with a discussion on the economics of scholarly publishing.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 1,511 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 380 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Spain 14 4%
United States 13 3%
Brazil 10 3%
Canada 9 2%
United Kingdom 8 2%
Portugal 6 2%
Germany 5 1%
Netherlands 4 1%
Finland 3 <1%
Other 36 9%
Unknown 272 72%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Librarian 95 25%
Student > Master 51 13%
Researcher 49 13%
Student > Ph. D. Student 48 13%
Student > Doctoral Student 30 8%
Other 106 28%
Unknown 1 <1%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Social Sciences 109 29%
Computer Science 51 13%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 38 10%
Arts and Humanities 38 10%
Business, Management and Accounting 22 6%
Other 121 32%
Unknown 1 <1%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1618. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 22 November 2017.
All research outputs
#621
of 8,667,238 outputs
Outputs from PLoS ONE
#17
of 118,525 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#17
of 228,373 outputs
Outputs of similar age from PLoS ONE
#2
of 6,484 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 8,667,238 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 118,525 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 10.9. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 228,373 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 6,484 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.