Regular vigorous physical activity (PA) and high levels of physical fitness (PF) confer health benefits. Conversely, sedentary time is a risk factor for chronic illness, independent of PA. We evaluated associations between self-reported PA, sedentary time, and objective PF measures in military Service members.
Cross-sectional study including 10,105 Air Force Millennium Cohort participants with a valid physical fitness assessment (PFA).
Linear regression assessed associations between self-report PA, screen time, and usual activity and abdominal circumference (AC) and VO2 max; logistic regression was used for PFA failure. We stratified by age and sex.
Men who self-reported high versus low levels of PA had greater AC (19-29 years: β=0.23in., 95% CI 0.07, 0.39; 30-39 years: β=0.45in., 95% CI 0.17, 0.72). High versus low self-reported PA was also associated with greater VO2Max (β=:0.81-1.41mL/kg/min). Self-reported strength training for ≥2days/week was associated with greater VO2Max in 19-29year old men (β=0.84mL/kg/min, 95% CI 0.09, 0.60) and 30-39year old women (β=0.74mL/kg/min, 95% CI 0.02, 1.46). For younger men and women,<2h of screen time/day was associated with greater VO2Max (Males 19-29years: β=0.23mL/kg/min, 95% CI 0.44, 1.26; Females 19-29years: β=0.83mL/kg/min, 95% CI 0.25, 1.42). PA was not associated with PFA failure, while screen time was (Males OR: 0.32-0.65, 95% CI 0.17-0.92, p<0.001-0.016).
Self-reported PA and screen time were associated with some objective PF measures, including VO2Max and AC. However, screen time alone was associated with PFA failure.