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Risk factors and anti-Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum antibody occurrence in dogs in João Pessoa, Paraíba state, Northeastern Brazil

Overview of attention for article published in Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, March 2018
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Title
Risk factors and anti-Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum antibody occurrence in dogs in João Pessoa, Paraíba state, Northeastern Brazil
Published in
Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, March 2018
DOI 10.1590/s1984-29612018006
Pubmed ID
Authors

Brasil, Arthur Willian de Lima, Parentoni, Roberta Nunes, Silva, José Givanildo da, Santos, Carolina de Sousa Américo Batista, Mota, Rinaldo Aparecido, Azevedo, Sérgio Santos de

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of infections due to Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum and corresponding risk factors among dogs attended at veterinary clinics in the city of João Pessoa, Paraíba, northeastern Brazil. Blood samples were collected from 384 dogs that were attended at 34 veterinary clinics between April 2015 and May 2016. These two agents were diagnosed through the indirect immunofluorescence reaction (IFAT). Among the 384 animals evaluated, 37 (9.6%) were positive for T. gondii, with titers ranging from 16 to 512. Six dogs (1.6%) were positive for N. caninum, with titers of 50 to 200. Access to the streets (OR = 4.60; 95% CI = 1.74-12.20) and environments close to forested areas (OR = 2.79; 95% CI = 1.32-5.93) were found to be risk factors for T. gondii infection. The dogs attended at veterinary clinics in João Pessoa are exposed to infections caused by T. gondii and N. caninum. Dog owners should avoid having access to the street or contact with forest environments.

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 23 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 23 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 7 30%
Student > Bachelor 3 13%
Professor > Associate Professor 2 9%
Student > Ph. D. Student 2 9%
Professor 2 9%
Other 3 13%
Unknown 4 17%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 10 43%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 2 9%
Nursing and Health Professions 2 9%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 1 4%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 1 4%
Other 1 4%
Unknown 6 26%