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A systematic review including meta-analysis of work environment and depressive symptoms

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Public Health, August 2015
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (95th percentile)

Mentioned by

twitter
50 tweeters
facebook
4 Facebook pages
wikipedia
1 Wikipedia page

Citations

dimensions_citation
289 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
312 Mendeley
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Title
A systematic review including meta-analysis of work environment and depressive symptoms
Published in
BMC Public Health, August 2015
DOI 10.1186/s12889-015-1954-4
Pubmed ID
Authors

Töres Theorell, Anne Hammarström, Gunnar Aronsson, Lil Träskman Bendz, Tom Grape, Christer Hogstedt, Ina Marteinsdottir, Ingmar Skoog, Charlotte Hall

Abstract

Depressive symptoms are potential outcomes of poorly functioning work environments. Such symptoms are frequent and cause considerable suffering for the employees as well as financial loss for the employers. Accordingly good prospective studies of psychosocial working conditions and depressive symptoms are valuable. Scientific reviews of such studies have pointed at methodological difficulties but still established a few job risk factors. Those reviews were published some years ago. There is need for an updated systematic review using the GRADE system. In addition, gender related questions have been insufficiently reviewed. Inclusion criteria for the studies published 1990 to June 2013: 1. European and English speaking countries. 2. Quantified results describing the relationship between exposure (psychosocial or physical/chemical) and outcome (standardized questionnaire assessment of depressive symptoms or interview-based clinical depression). 3. Prospective or comparable case-control design with at least 100 participants. 4. Assessments of exposure (working conditions) and outcome at baseline and outcome (depressive symptoms) once again after follow-up 1-5 years later. 5. Adjustment for age and adjustment or stratification for gender. Studies filling inclusion criteria were subjected to assessment of 1.) relevance and 2.) quality using predefined criteria. Systematic review of the evidence was made using the GRADE system. When applicable, meta-analysis of the magnitude of associations was made. Consistency of findings was examined for a number of possible confounders and publication bias was discussed. Fifty-nine articles of high or medium high scientific quality were included. Moderately strong evidence (grade three out of four) was found for job strain (high psychological demands and low decision latitude), low decision latitude and bullying having significant impact on development of depressive symptoms. Limited evidence (grade two) was shown for psychological demands, effort reward imbalance, low support, unfavorable social climate, lack of work justice, conflicts, limited skill discretion, job insecurity and long working hours. There was no differential gender effect of adverse job conditions on depressive symptoms CONCLUSION: There is substantial empirical evidence that employees, both men and women, who report lack of decision latitude, job strain and bullying, will experience increasing depressive symptoms over time. These conditions are amenable to organizational interventions.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 50 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 312 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Spain 2 <1%
Denmark 1 <1%
Brazil 1 <1%
Switzerland 1 <1%
United States 1 <1%
Unknown 306 98%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 59 19%
Student > Ph. D. Student 56 18%
Researcher 43 14%
Student > Doctoral Student 34 11%
Student > Bachelor 27 9%
Other 71 23%
Unknown 22 7%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Psychology 93 30%
Medicine and Dentistry 70 22%
Social Sciences 36 12%
Nursing and Health Professions 23 7%
Business, Management and Accounting 10 3%
Other 44 14%
Unknown 36 12%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 35. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 27 November 2019.
All research outputs
#545,985
of 14,388,923 outputs
Outputs from BMC Public Health
#529
of 9,894 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#11,378
of 235,806 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Public Health
#1
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 14,388,923 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 96th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 9,894 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 11.5. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 94% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 235,806 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 95% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them