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The first morphometric and phylogenetic perspective on molecular epidemiology of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato in stray dogs in a hyperendemic Middle East focus, northwestern Iran

Overview of attention for article published in Parasites & Vectors, August 2015
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Title
The first morphometric and phylogenetic perspective on molecular epidemiology of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato in stray dogs in a hyperendemic Middle East focus, northwestern Iran
Published in
Parasites & Vectors, August 2015
DOI 10.1186/s13071-015-1025-9
Pubmed ID
Authors

Seyyed Ali Shariatzadeh, Adel Spotin, Shirzad Gholami, Esmaeil Fallah, Teimour Hazratian, Mahmoud Mahami-Oskouei, Fattaneh Montazeri, Hamid Reza Moslemzadeh, Abbas Shahbazi

Abstract

Hydatidosis is considered to be a neglected cyclo-zoonotic disease in Middle East countries particularly northwestern Iran which is caused by metacestode of tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato. Human hydatidosis is a high public health priority in the area, however there is little known from a morphometric and phylogenetic perspective on molecular epidemiology of adult Echinococcus spp. in Iranian stray dogs. 80 dogs (38 males and 42 females) were collected during June 2013 to April 2014 in northwestern Iran. The isolated parasites from each dog were distinguished by morphometric keys including small, large hook length and blade length. Subsequently, isolates were confirmed by sequencing of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 gene. 16 (8 males and 8 females) (Prevalence 20 %) out of 80 dogs were infected to genus Echinococcus. With regard to demographic factors, the frequency of parasitism in both male, female adults and their age groups showed no difference (P > 0.05). The phylogenetic analyses of cox1 sequences firmly revealed the 13 sheep strains (G1), one buffalo strain (G3), one camel strain (G6) and one mixed infection. The findings of rostellar hook morphology show an intraspecies variation range among G1 isolates. However, hook measurements in Echinococcus derived from G1 (sheep strain) were not a significant difference from those G6 and G3 strains. Six unique haplotypes were identified containing a high range of diversity (Haplotype diversity 0.873 vs. Nucleotide diversity 0.02). First presence of camel strain (G6) in this region seems to indicate that potential intermediate hosts play a secondary role in the maintenance of camel-dog biology. Current findings have heightened our knowledge about determination of Echinococcus prevalence, strains of taxonomy and genotypic trait of parasite in Iranian stray dogs which will also help in the development of strategies for monitoring and control of infected stray dogs in the area.

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The data shown below were collected from the profile of 1 tweeter who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 18 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 18 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Professor > Associate Professor 4 22%
Student > Master 4 22%
Unspecified 3 17%
Researcher 2 11%
Student > Ph. D. Student 2 11%
Other 3 17%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 4 22%
Unspecified 4 22%
Immunology and Microbiology 3 17%
Medicine and Dentistry 2 11%
Nursing and Health Professions 1 6%
Other 4 22%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 06 August 2015.
All research outputs
#4,535,997
of 5,450,695 outputs
Outputs from Parasites & Vectors
#1,425
of 1,714 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#152,319
of 190,069 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Parasites & Vectors
#82
of 113 outputs
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