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Asthma control, lung function, nutritional status, and health-related quality of life: differences between adult males and females with asthma

Overview of attention for article published in Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia, June 2018
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Title
Asthma control, lung function, nutritional status, and health-related quality of life: differences between adult males and females with asthma
Published in
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia, June 2018
DOI 10.1590/s1806-37562017000000216
Pubmed ID
Authors

Gabriele Carra Forte, Maria Luiza Hennemann, Paulo de Tarso Roth Dalcin

Abstract

To evaluate health-related quality of life in asthma patients treated at a referral center in southern Brazil, identifying differences between male and female patients, as well as to evaluate differences between the males and females in terms of asthma control, lung function, and nutritional status. This was a cross-sectional study involving patients ≥ 18 years of age treated at an asthma outpatient clinic. We evaluated clinical parameters, lung function, nutritional status, and quality of life. A total of 198 patients completed the study. The mean age was 56.2 ± 14.8 years, and 81.8% were female. The proportion of patients with uncontrolled asthma was higher among females than among males (63.0% vs. 44.4%; p = 0.041). The body mass index (BMI) and percentage of body fat were higher in females than in males (30.2 ± 5.8 kg/m2 vs. 26.9 ± 4.5 kg/m2 and 37.4 ± 6.4% vs. 26.5 ± 7.4%; p = 0.002 and p < 0.001, respectively). Quality of life was lower in females than in males in the following domains: symptoms (3.8 ± 1.5 vs. 4.6 ± 1.7; p = 0.006); activity limitation (3.6 ± 1.3 vs. 4.4 ± 1.5; p = 0.001); emotional function (3.6 ± 1.9 vs. 4.5 ± 1.7; p = 0.014); and environmental stimuli (3.2 ± 1.6 vs. 4.3 ± 1.9; p = 0.001). Male asthma patients appear to fare better than do female asthma patients in terms of health-related quality of life, asthma control, BMI, percentage of body fat, and comorbidities.

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 30 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 30 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 6 20%
Student > Master 4 13%
Student > Doctoral Student 2 7%
Student > Postgraduate 2 7%
Researcher 2 7%
Other 6 20%
Unknown 8 27%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 11 37%
Nursing and Health Professions 4 13%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 2 7%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 1 3%
Sports and Recreations 1 3%
Other 2 7%
Unknown 9 30%