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The Oldest Case of Decapitation in the New World (Lapa do Santo, East-Central Brazil)

Overview of attention for article published in PLoS ONE, September 2015
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (99th percentile)

Mentioned by

news
54 news outlets
blogs
13 blogs
twitter
132 tweeters
facebook
6 Facebook pages
googleplus
5 Google+ users
reddit
1 Redditor

Citations

dimensions_citation
25 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
60 Mendeley
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Title
The Oldest Case of Decapitation in the New World (Lapa do Santo, East-Central Brazil)
Published in
PLoS ONE, September 2015
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0137456
Pubmed ID
Authors

André Strauss, Rodrigo Elias Oliveira, Danilo V. Bernardo, Domingo C. Salazar-García, Sahra Talamo, Klervia Jaouen, Mark Hubbe, Sue Black, Caroline Wilkinson, Michael Phillip Richards, Astolfo G. M. Araujo, Renato Kipnis, Walter Alves Neves

Abstract

We present here evidence for an early Holocene case of decapitation in the New World (Burial 26), found in the rock shelter of Lapa do Santo in 2007. Lapa do Santo is an archaeological site located in the Lagoa Santa karst in east-central Brazil with evidence of human occupation dating as far back as 11.7-12.7 cal kyBP (95.4% interval). An ultra-filtered AMS age determination on a fragment of the sphenoid provided an age range of 9.1-9.4 cal kyBP (95.4% interval) for Burial 26. The interment was composed of an articulated cranium, mandible and first six cervical vertebrae. Cut marks with a v-shaped profile were observed in the mandible and sixth cervical vertebra. The right hand was amputated and laid over the left side of the face with distal phalanges pointing to the chin and the left hand was amputated and laid over the right side of the face with distal phalanges pointing to the forehead. Strontium analysis comparing Burial 26's isotopic signature to other specimens from Lapa do Santo suggests this was a local member of the group. Therefore, we suggest a ritualized decapitation instead of trophy-taking, testifying for the sophistication of mortuary rituals among hunter-gatherers in the Americas during the early Archaic period. In the apparent absence of wealth goods or elaborated architecture, Lapa do Santo's inhabitants seemed to use the human body to express their cosmological principles regarding death.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 132 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 60 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Brazil 2 3%
Germany 1 2%
Luxembourg 1 2%
Philippines 1 2%
Unknown 55 92%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 11 18%
Student > Bachelor 10 17%
Student > Ph. D. Student 9 15%
Researcher 7 12%
Student > Postgraduate 6 10%
Other 17 28%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Social Sciences 16 27%
Arts and Humanities 14 23%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 12 20%
Psychology 3 5%
Earth and Planetary Sciences 3 5%
Other 10 17%
Unknown 2 3%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 606. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 05 February 2020.
All research outputs
#19,439
of 17,466,651 outputs
Outputs from PLoS ONE
#354
of 165,317 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#273
of 255,433 outputs
Outputs of similar age from PLoS ONE
#5
of 5,586 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 17,466,651 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 165,317 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 13.5. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 255,433 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 5,586 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.