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Seroprevalence of Bartonella spp., Coxiella burnetii, and Hantavirus among people who inject drugs in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: a retrospective assessment of a biobank

Overview of attention for article published in Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de Sao Paulo, July 2018
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Title
Seroprevalence of Bartonella spp., Coxiella burnetii, and Hantavirus among people who inject drugs in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: a retrospective assessment of a biobank
Published in
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de Sao Paulo, July 2018
DOI 10.1590/s1678-9946201860031
Pubmed ID
Authors

Tatiana Rozental, Anamaria Szrajbman Vaz da Silva, Renata Carvalho de Oliveira, Alexsandra Rodrigues de Mendonça Favacho, Maria de Lourdes Aguiar Oliveira, Francisco Inácio Bastos, Elba Regina Sampaio de Lemos

Abstract

The increasing use of illicit drugs imposes a public health challenge worldwide. People who inject drugs (PWID) are more susceptible to health complications due to immunosuppression associated with drug use and non-hygienic self-administration of substances, contaminants, and liquids. PWID are subjected to increased risk of acquiring and transmitting different pathogens (frequently functioning as sentinel cases for (re)emerging pathogens), including those transmitted by arthropods and vertebrate reservoirs in unhealthy environments. A clear association between injection drug use and HIV, HBV, and HCV infections has been described; however, other infectious viral and bacterial agents have been seldomly assessed. In this study, we investigated the seroprevalence of Bartonella spp., Coxiella burnetii, and Hantavirus among 300 randomly selected PWIDs from Rio de Janeiro, as part of a multi-city cross-sectional study carried out in the 1990s. Point seroprevalences and respective 95% CIs are as follows: 9.3% for C. burnetii (95% CI: 6.0%-13.0%), 1.0% for Bartonella spp. (95% CI: 0.0%-3.0%), and 4.0% for Hantavirus (95% CI: 2.0%-7.0%). In addition to the blood-borne pathogens, the results of this study increase our knowledge on other transmissible infectious agents in PWID. The high seroprevalence of C. burnetii and Hantavirus found among PWID is intriguing and suggests the need to carry out prospective studies, including molecular analyses, to confirm these findings and allow a better understanding of the putative relevance of these zoonotic infectious agents among PWID.

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 49 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 49 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 10 20%
Researcher 7 14%
Student > Bachelor 7 14%
Student > Postgraduate 5 10%
Student > Ph. D. Student 4 8%
Other 8 16%
Unknown 8 16%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Nursing and Health Professions 10 20%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 6 12%
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 6 12%
Medicine and Dentistry 5 10%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 3 6%
Other 9 18%
Unknown 10 20%