↓ Skip to main content

A high performance liquid chromatography method for determination of furfural in crude palm oil

Overview of attention for article published in Food Chemistry, September 2011
Altmetric Badge


7 Dimensions

Readers on

59 Mendeley
You are seeing a free-to-access but limited selection of the activity Altmetric has collected about this research output. Click here to find out more.
A high performance liquid chromatography method for determination of furfural in crude palm oil
Published in
Food Chemistry, September 2011
DOI 10.1016/j.foodchem.2010.12.108
Pubmed ID

Chia Chun Loi, Huey Chern Boo, Abdulkarim Sabo Mohammed, Abdul Azis Ariffin


A modified steam distillation method was developed to extract furfural from crude palm oil (CPO). The collected distillates were analysed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with an ultraviolet diode detector at 284nm. The HPLC method allowed identification and quantification of furfural in CPO. The unique thermal extraction of CPO whereby the fresh fruit bunches (FFB) are first subjected to steam treatment, distinguishes itself from other solvent-extracted or cold-pressed vegetable oils. The presence of furfural was also determined in the fresh palm oil from FFB (without undergoing the normal extraction process), palm olein, palm stearin, olive oil, coconut oil, sunflower oil, soya oil and corn oil. The chromatograms of the extracts were compared to that of standard furfural. Furfural was only detected in CPO. The CPO consignments obtained from four mills were shown to contain 7.54 to 20.60mg/kg furfural.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 59 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Malaysia 1 2%
Italy 1 2%
Peru 1 2%
Unknown 56 95%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 16 27%
Student > Ph. D. Student 9 15%
Student > Doctoral Student 7 12%
Student > Bachelor 5 8%
Researcher 4 7%
Other 10 17%
Unknown 8 14%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 16 27%
Chemistry 15 25%
Engineering 8 14%
Chemical Engineering 3 5%
Materials Science 2 3%
Other 4 7%
Unknown 11 19%