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Natural infection of phlebotomines (Diptera: Psychodidae) by Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis in an area of ecotourism in Central-Western Brazil

Overview of attention for article published in Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases, October 2015
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2 tweeters

Citations

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38 Mendeley
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Title
Natural infection of phlebotomines (Diptera: Psychodidae) by Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis in an area of ecotourism in Central-Western Brazil
Published in
Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases, October 2015
DOI 10.1186/s40409-015-0041-8
Pubmed ID
Authors

Andreia Fernandes Brilhante, Vânia Lúcia Brandão Nunes, Kleber Augusto Kohatsu, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi Galati, Maria Elizabeth Ghizzi Rocca, Edna Aoba Yassui Ishikawa

Abstract

Bonito municipality, known as an area of ecoturism, in Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil, is also a focus of visceral and cutaneous leishmaniases, with cases registered in both human and canine populations. This study sought to investigate natural infection by flagellate forms of Leishmania in phlebotomines of the urban area of Bonito. Sand flies were collected fortnightly from October 2005 to July 2006 with modified automatic light traps installed in peridomiciles and animal shelters in the center and on the outskirts of the city. The females were dissected and their guts observed under an optical microscope. A total of 1977 specimens were captured, Lutzomyia longipalpis (88.4 %) and Bichromomyia flaviscutelata (3.0 %) being the most frequent species. Bi. flaviscutellata was found infected by flagellates that were identified as Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis by indirect immunofluorescence reaction, employing monoclonal antibodies and the biotin-avidin system. This is the first report of natural infection by L. amazonensis in Bi. flaviscutellata in a Brazilian urban area. As Bi. flaviscutellata is only slightly attracted by humans, the transmission of L. amazonensis in the study area may have a zoonotic character; however, the sympatric occurrence of this parasite and Lu. longipalpis should be taken into consideration by the local health authorities since this sand fly has already been found with L. amazonensis DNA in a focus of canine visceral leishmaniasis in Bonito municipality.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 2 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 38 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Brazil 1 3%
Unknown 37 97%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 10 26%
Student > Master 8 21%
Researcher 7 18%
Student > Ph. D. Student 3 8%
Professor 2 5%
Other 4 11%
Unknown 4 11%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 11 29%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 5 13%
Business, Management and Accounting 3 8%
Immunology and Microbiology 3 8%
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 2 5%
Other 8 21%
Unknown 6 16%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 06 October 2015.
All research outputs
#4,427,993
of 6,294,221 outputs
Outputs from Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases
#154
of 225 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#127,701
of 199,287 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases
#12
of 13 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 6,294,221 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 26th percentile – i.e., 26% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 225 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 3.0. This one is in the 16th percentile – i.e., 16% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 199,287 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 31st percentile – i.e., 31% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 13 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.