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Practices and ethical concerns regarding preimplantation diagnosis. Who regulates preimplantation genetic diagnosis in Brazil?

Overview of attention for article published in Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, January 2015
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Title
Practices and ethical concerns regarding preimplantation diagnosis. Who regulates preimplantation genetic diagnosis in Brazil?
Published in
Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, January 2015
DOI 10.1590/1414-431x20144083
Pubmed ID
Authors

B.B. Damian, T.C.S. Bonetti, D.D.G. Horovitz

Abstract

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) was originally developed to diagnose embryo-related genetic abnormalities for couples who present a high risk of a specific inherited disorder. Because this technology involves embryo selection, the medical, bioethical, and legal implications of the technique have been debated, particularly when it is used to select features that are not related to serious diseases. Although several initiatives have attempted to achieve regulatory harmonization, the diversity of healthcare services available and the presence of cultural differences have hampered attempts to achieve this goal. Thus, in different countries, the provision of PGD and regulatory frameworks reflect the perceptions of scientific groups, legislators, and society regarding this technology. In Brazil, several texts have been analyzed by the National Congress to regulate the use of assisted reproduction technologies. Legislative debates, however, are not conclusive, and limited information has been published on how PGD is specifically regulated. The country requires the development of new regulatory standards to ensure adequate access to this technology and to guarantee its safe practice. This study examined official documents published on PGD regulation in Brazil and demonstrated how little direct oversight of PGD currently exists. It provides relevant information to encourage reflection on a particular regulation model in a Brazilian context, and should serve as part of the basis to enable further reform of the clinical practice of PGD in the country.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 45 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Turkey 1 2%
Unknown 44 98%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 14 31%
Student > Ph. D. Student 5 11%
Researcher 5 11%
Student > Master 4 9%
Other 2 4%
Other 4 9%
Unknown 11 24%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 11 24%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 7 16%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 5 11%
Social Sciences 4 9%
Psychology 2 4%
Other 4 9%
Unknown 12 27%