↓ Skip to main content

Human papillomavirus prevalence in South African women and men according to age and human immunodeficiency virus status

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Infectious Diseases, October 2015
Altmetric Badge

About this Attention Score

  • In the top 25% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • Good Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (79th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (83rd percentile)

Mentioned by

news
1 news outlet
twitter
2 tweeters

Citations

dimensions_citation
23 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
113 Mendeley
You are seeing a free-to-access but limited selection of the activity Altmetric has collected about this research output. Click here to find out more.
Title
Human papillomavirus prevalence in South African women and men according to age and human immunodeficiency virus status
Published in
BMC Infectious Diseases, October 2015
DOI 10.1186/s12879-015-1181-8
Pubmed ID
Authors

Zizipho Z A Mbulawa, David Coetzee, Anna-Lise Williamson

Abstract

Both cervical cancer and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are major public health problems in Sub-Saharan Africa. The objectives of the study were to investigate human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalence according to age, HIV status and gender. Participants were 208 HIV-negative women, 278 HIV-positive women, 325 HIV-negative men and 161 HIV-positive men between the ages of 18-66 years. HPV types were determined in cervical and penile cells by Roche Linear Array HPV genotyping assay. HPV prevalence was 36.7 % (76/207; 95 % confidence intervals (CI): 30.4-43.4 %) in HIV-negative women, with the highest prevalence of 61.0 % (25/41; 95 % CI: 45.7-74.4 %) in women aged 18-25 years. HPV prevalence was 74.0 % (205/277; 95 % CI: 68.5-78.8 %) in HIV-positive women, with the highest prevalence of 86.4 % (38/44; 95 % CI: 72.9-94.0 %) in women aged 18-25 years. HPV prevalence was found to decrease with increasing age in HIV-negative women (P = 0.0007), but not in HIV-positive women (P = 0.898). HPV prevalence was 50.8 % (159/313; 95 % CI: 45.3-56.3 %) in HIV-negative men, with the highest prevalence of 77.0 % (27/35; 95 % CI: 60.7-88.2 %) in men aged 18-25 years. HPV prevalence was 76.6 % (121/158; 95 % CI: 69.2-82.9 %) in HIV-positive men, with the highest prevalence of 87.5 % (7/8; 95 % CI: 50.8-99.9 %) in men 18-25 years of age. HPV prevalence was found to decrease with increasing age in HIV-negative men (P = 0.004), but not in HIV-positive men (P = 0.385). HIV-positive women had a significantly higher prevalence of one or more HPV type(s) in the bivalent (HPV-16/18: 20 % 55/277, 9 % 12/207; P <0.001), quadrivalent (HPV-6/11/16/18: 26 % 71/277, 12 % 24/207; P = 0.001) and nonavalent vaccine (HPV-6/11/16/18/31/33/52/56/58: 65 % 181/277, 24 % 50/207; P <0.001) compared to HIV-negative women. Similar observation were observed in men for bivalent (20 % 32/158, 10 % 30/313; P = 0.001), quadrivalent (35 % 56/158, 13 % 41/313; P <0.001) and nonavalent vaccine (75 % 119/158, 28 % 87/313; P <0.001). This study demonstrated high HPV prevalence among HIV-positive women and men in all age groups. The high prevalence of HPV types found in bivalent, quadrivalent and nonavalent vaccines in South African HIV-positive and HIV-negative women and men demonstrate that this population will greatly benefit from current HPV vaccines.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 2 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 113 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
South Africa 1 <1%
Unknown 112 99%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 31 27%
Student > Ph. D. Student 12 11%
Student > Postgraduate 11 10%
Student > Bachelor 10 9%
Researcher 9 8%
Other 18 16%
Unknown 22 19%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 31 27%
Nursing and Health Professions 22 19%
Social Sciences 8 7%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 7 6%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 6 5%
Other 11 10%
Unknown 28 25%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 7. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 27 February 2017.
All research outputs
#2,839,286
of 15,449,825 outputs
Outputs from BMC Infectious Diseases
#901
of 5,656 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#59,872
of 286,425 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Infectious Diseases
#96
of 585 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 15,449,825 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done well and is in the 81st percentile: it's in the top 25% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 5,656 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 6.3. This one has done well, scoring higher than 84% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 286,425 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done well, scoring higher than 79% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 585 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done well, scoring higher than 83% of its contemporaries.