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A preliminary survey of major diseases of ruminants and management practices in Western Tigray province, northern Ethiopia

Overview of attention for article published in BMC Veterinary Research, September 2018
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1 tweeter

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Title
A preliminary survey of major diseases of ruminants and management practices in Western Tigray province, northern Ethiopia
Published in
BMC Veterinary Research, September 2018
DOI 10.1186/s12917-018-1621-y
Pubmed ID
Authors

Getachew Mebrahtu Welay, Dawit Gebremichael Tedla, Gebreyohans Gebru Teklu, Shishay Kahsay Weldearegay, Mearg Belay Shibeshi, Haftom Hadush Kidane, Berhe Beyene Gebrezgiabher, Teklehaymanot Huluf Abraha

Abstract

Despite the highest population, the productivity of Ethiopian livestock is low, and the direct contribution to the national economy is limited. Poor genetic potential, shortage of feed in quantity and quality, poor health care and management practices are the main contributors to low productivity and production. Data on animal disease and management practices are not in place, in this regard; we estimate the burden of animal health ailments and management practices in ruminants via simple cross-sectional study design in randomly selected peasant associations in western Tigray of northern Ethiopia. A preliminary disease survey in ruminants and their management practices comprising of cattle, sheep and goats was undertaken to evaluate the existence, burden of ruminant diseases and management practices. A total of 121 randomly selected household respondents of Maikhadrah and Bakhar (26.2%), Dansha (19.7%), Adi-Hirdi (18.0%), Adi-Remets and Inda-Selassie (36.1%) sub-districts were inspected throughout the study period. Most (81%) of farmers feed their animals on free grazing in the open environment travelling from highlands and midlands to lowlands in search of adequate feed (different species of grasses) and crop residues during the wet season up to the beginning of the dry season. Majority of farmers (43.8%) had veterinary access from governmental veterinary officers. Thirty-four (33.9%) of the respondents got veterinary access from illegal drug dealers in mini shops or market. Among the major disease constraints identified; Tick infestation (89.3%), lice infestation (68.6%) mange mite infestation (77.7%) lumpy skin disease (LSD) (42.1%), trypanasomiasis (62.8%) bovine pasteurellosis (52.1) mastitis (13.2%), sheep and goat pox (15.7), abortion (19.0%), dystocia (24.8%), retained fetal membrane (25.6%), prolapsed uterus (13.2%) delayed heat period (38.8%) were most endemic ailments directly affecting livestock production and farmers livelihood. In conclusion management practices in livestock production is poor to a large extent. Burden and endemicity of livestock diseases are substantially higher. The data obtained could be the source of facts for planners in animal health service delivery system in this sub region.

Twitter Demographics

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 25 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 25 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 6 24%
Student > Doctoral Student 4 16%
Researcher 4 16%
Student > Bachelor 3 12%
Student > Ph. D. Student 1 4%
Other 2 8%
Unknown 5 20%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 6 24%
Medicine and Dentistry 3 12%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 2 8%
Immunology and Microbiology 2 8%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 1 4%
Other 3 12%
Unknown 8 32%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 28 September 2018.
All research outputs
#12,030,869
of 13,568,727 outputs
Outputs from BMC Veterinary Research
#1,599
of 1,997 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#228,520
of 265,070 outputs
Outputs of similar age from BMC Veterinary Research
#1
of 1 outputs
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