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Dietary advice for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults

Overview of attention for article published in Cochrane database of systematic reviews, January 2016
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  • Good Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (72nd percentile)
  • Average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source

Mentioned by

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6 tweeters
facebook
1 Facebook page

Citations

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3 Dimensions

Readers on

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145 Mendeley
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Title
Dietary advice for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults
Published in
Cochrane database of systematic reviews, January 2016
DOI 10.1002/14651858.cd005102.pub3
Pubmed ID
Authors

Lucie Nield, Carolyn D Summerbell, Lee Hooper, Victoria Whittaker, Helen J Moore

Abstract

Prevention of type 2 diabetes in adults is a far better option than treatment, to alleviate pressure on health care providers and resources. However, there is no current review of the evidence regarding the efficacy of a diet-only intervention for prevention. To assess the effects of type and frequency of dietary advice for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus. We carried out a comprehensive search of The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, bibliographies and contacted relevant experts. All randomised controlled trials, of twelve months or longer, in which dietary advice for the prevention of type 2 diabetes was the only intervention in adults. The lead investigator performed all data extraction and quality scoring with duplication being carried out by one of the other four investigators independently with discrepancies resolved by discussion and consensus. Authors were contacted for missing data. Change data are presented. Two trials which randomised 358 people to dietary treatment and control groups were identified. Longest duration of follow-up was six years.In the 6-year Da Qing IGT & Diabetes study, the incidence of type 2 diabetes in the control group was 67.7% (95% confidence interval (CI) 59.8% to 75.2%) which was reduced to 43.8% (95% CI 35.5% to 54.7%) in the diet group. Overall, the dietary intervention group had a 33% reduction in the incidence of diabetes after six years (P < 0.03). The Oslo Diet & Exercise Study (ODES) found significant (P<0.05) reductions in insulin resistance, fasting insulin (pmol/L), fasting C-peptide (pmol/L), fasting proinsulin (pmol/L), fasting blood glucose (mmol/L), BMI (kg/m²), mBP (mmHg) and fasting triglycerides (mmol/L), and a significant increase in fasting HDL cholesterol (mmol/L) and PAI-1 (U/ml) after 12 months of dietary intervention.Data on mortality, morbidity, health-related quality of life, adverse effects, costs were not reported in either study. There are no high quality data on the efficacy of dietary intervention for the prevention of type 2 diabetes. More well-designed, long-term studies, providing well-reported, high-quality data are required before proper conclusions can be made into the best dietary advice for the prevention of diabetes mellitus in adults.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 6 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 145 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United Kingdom 4 3%
India 1 <1%
Australia 1 <1%
France 1 <1%
Brazil 1 <1%
United States 1 <1%
Canada 1 <1%
Unknown 135 93%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 30 21%
Researcher 24 17%
Student > Ph. D. Student 18 12%
Student > Bachelor 17 12%
Other 11 8%
Other 44 30%
Unknown 1 <1%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 67 46%
Unspecified 13 9%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 13 9%
Social Sciences 10 7%
Nursing and Health Professions 10 7%
Other 31 21%
Unknown 1 <1%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 4. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 10 June 2016.
All research outputs
#3,371,430
of 12,527,219 outputs
Outputs from Cochrane database of systematic reviews
#6,010
of 8,923 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#89,624
of 333,646 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Cochrane database of systematic reviews
#123
of 179 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 12,527,219 research outputs across all sources so far. This one has received more attention than most of these and is in the 72nd percentile.
So far Altmetric has tracked 8,923 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 21.2. This one is in the 41st percentile – i.e., 41% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 333,646 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 72% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 179 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 31st percentile – i.e., 31% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.