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Oral microbiota and their antibiotic susceptibility in free-living monkeys in Goiás State, Brazil: Repercussions for injuries in humans

Overview of attention for article published in Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, January 2019
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Title
Oral microbiota and their antibiotic susceptibility in free-living monkeys in Goiás State, Brazil: Repercussions for injuries in humans
Published in
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, January 2019
DOI 10.1590/0037-8682-0294-2018
Pubmed ID
Authors

Elisângela de Albuquerque Sobreira, Carla Afonso da Silva Bitencout Braga, Sheila Canavese Rahal, Evandro Leão Ribeiro, Lara Stefânia Netto de Oliveira Leão Vasconcelos, Lilian Carla Carneiro, Carlos Roberto Teixeira, Camila Contin Diniz de Almeida, Vidal Haddad Júnior

Abstract

Goiás State, which is in the midwest region of Brazil, has several urban forests. This fact, along with the expansion of urban areas within the limits of Forest Conservation Units, increases the contact between humans and wildlife, such as capuchin monkeys. The impulsive behavior of these animals and the scarcity of food cause them to vigorously search for food, leading to direct encounters with Park visitors, which can result in scratches and bites and making them potential disseminators of pathogenic microorganisms. Ten specimens of bearded capuchin monkey (Sapajus libidinosus) were captured at the Onofre Quinan Environmental Park in Anápolis, Goiás, Brazil. Samples were collected from the monkeys, and the bacteria and fungi present in the samples were isolated and identified. Then, the identified microorganisms were subjected to antibiotic susceptibility testing. A total of 111 bacteria and 12 fungi were isolated, including two strict anaerobic bacteria of the genus Peptostreptococcus, 109 facultative anaerobic bacteria, and 12 yeasts. Among the facultative bacteria, enterobacteria and Staphylococcus were common. Resistance to tetracycline and ampicillin antibiotics was detected in the enterobacteria, and resistance to tetracycline, erythromycin, and clindamycin was detected in the Staphylococci. The other strains were sensitive to all tested antimicrobials. Cefoxitin showed 100% efficacy in all isolated bacteria. For bites from capuchin monkeys, we recommend performing complete hygiene and antibiotic therapy, according to medical recommendations. Given the 100% effectiveness of cefoxitin, it should be considered for this type of injury, especially in the study region.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 2 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 33 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 33 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 7 21%
Student > Ph. D. Student 6 18%
Researcher 3 9%
Other 2 6%
Student > Doctoral Student 2 6%
Other 8 24%
Unknown 5 15%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 5 15%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 4 12%
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 2 6%
Environmental Science 2 6%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 2 6%
Other 9 27%
Unknown 9 27%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 18 January 2019.
All research outputs
#11,224,699
of 14,155,626 outputs
Outputs from Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
#129
of 259 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#232,729
of 318,837 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
#1
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 14,155,626 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 11th percentile – i.e., 11% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 259 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 1.3. This one is in the 27th percentile – i.e., 27% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
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