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Racial Differences in Oral Health-Related Quality of Life: A Multilevel Analysis in Brazilian Children

Overview of attention for article published in Brazilian Dental Journal, December 2015
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Title
Racial Differences in Oral Health-Related Quality of Life: A Multilevel Analysis in Brazilian Children
Published in
Brazilian Dental Journal, December 2015
DOI 10.1590/0103-6440201300478
Pubmed ID
Authors

Bruno Emmanuelli, Ângela Aniszewski Kucner, Marjana Ostapiuck, Fernanda Tomazoni, Bernardo Antonio Agostini, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Emmanuelli, Bruno, Kucner, Ângela Aniszewski, Ostapiuck, Marjana, Tomazoni, Fernanda, Agostini, Bernardo Antonio, Ardenghi, Thiago Machado

Abstract

This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the influence of race/ethnicity on Brazilian children' oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). A multistage random sampling selected a representative sample of 1,134 twelve-years-old children from public schools of Santa Maria, a city in Southern Brazil. Participants were examined by 4 calibrated clinicians (minimum Kappa-value for inter-examiner agreement of 0.8) and the Brazilian short version of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ11-14) was administered. The children's parents or guardians answered questions regarding their demographics and socioeconomic status. Associations were analyzed using multilevel Poisson regression models. Children from racial/ethnic minority groups had poorer OHRQoL. The mean CPQ11-14 score was 1.08 times higher for non-white children than their white counterparts' score. "Social" and "Emotional well-being" were the most affected domains for non-white children, with significantly higher mean scores as compared to white children (RR 1.19, 95% CI, 1.07-1.33; and RR 1.14; 95% CI 1.04-1.24). This association remained significant even after adjusting for individual and contextual covariates. OHRQoL disparities are prevalent among children from racial/ethnic minority groups. Non-white children have lower OHRQoL compared to white children.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 44 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Brazil 1 2%
Unknown 43 98%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Postgraduate 7 16%
Student > Bachelor 7 16%
Student > Master 6 14%
Student > Ph. D. Student 3 7%
Lecturer 2 5%
Other 4 9%
Unknown 15 34%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 17 39%
Nursing and Health Professions 3 7%
Psychology 2 5%
Social Sciences 2 5%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 2 5%
Other 1 2%
Unknown 17 39%