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Optogenetics

Overview of attention for book
Cover of 'Optogenetics'

Table of Contents

  1. Altmetric Badge
    Book Overview
  2. Altmetric Badge
    Chapter 1 Optogenetics
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    Chapter 2 Optogenetics
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    Chapter 3 Optogenetics
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    Chapter 4 Reversible Photoregulation of Gene Expression and Translation
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    Chapter 5 Controlling Protein Activity and Degradation Using Blue Light.
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    Chapter 6 Photo Control of Protein Function Using Photoactive Yellow Protein
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    Chapter 7 Optogenetics
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    Chapter 8 Optogenetic Control of Pancreatic Islets
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    Chapter 9 Optogenetics in Plants: Red/Far-Red Light Control of Gene Expression
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    Chapter 10 Optogenetics
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    Chapter 11 Optogenetics
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    Chapter 12 Optogenetic Control of Mammalian Ion Channels with Chemical Photoswitches
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    Chapter 13 Optogenetic Modulation of Locomotor Activity on Free-Behaving Rats
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    Chapter 14 Combined Optogenetic and Chemogenetic Control of Neurons
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    Chapter 15 Intracranial Injection of an Optogenetics Viral Vector Followed by Optical Cannula Implantation for Neural Stimulation in Rat Brain Cortex
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    Chapter 16 An Optimized Calcium-Phosphate Transfection Method for Characterizing Genetically Encoded Tools in Primary Neurons
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    Chapter 17 Optogenetic Approaches for Mesoscopic Brain Mapping
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    Chapter 18 Optogenetic Tools for Confined Stimulation in Deep Brain Structures
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    Chapter 19 Optogenetics
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    Chapter 20 Optogenetic Light Crafting Tools for the Control of Cardiac Arrhythmias
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    Chapter 21 Inscribing Optical Excitability to Non-Excitable Cardiac Cells: Viral Delivery of Optogenetic Tools in Primary Cardiac Fibroblasts
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    Chapter 22 Optogenetic Engineering of Atrial Cardiomyocytes
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    Chapter 23 A Multichannel Recording System with Optical Stimulation for Closed-Loop Optogenetic Experiments
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    Chapter 24 Optogenetic Control of Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor Signaling
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    Chapter 25 Protein Inactivation by Optogenetic Trapping in Living Cells
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    Chapter 26 Optogenetics
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    Chapter 27 Guidelines for Photoreceptor Engineering
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    Chapter 28 Erratum to: Optogenetics in Plants: Red/Far-Red Light Control of Gene Expression
Attention for Chapter 11: Optogenetics
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Chapter title
Optogenetics
Chapter number 11
Book title
Optogenetics
Published in
Methods in molecular biology, January 2016
DOI 10.1007/978-1-4939-3512-3_11
Pubmed ID
Book ISBNs
978-1-4939-3510-9, 978-1-4939-3512-3
Authors

Riemensperger, Thomas, Kittel, Robert J, Fiala, André, Thomas Riemensperger, Robert J. Kittel, André Fiala

Editors

Arash Kianianmomeni

Abstract

Optogenetic techniques enable one to target specific neurons with light-sensitive proteins, e.g., ion channels, ion pumps, or enzymes, and to manipulate their physiological state through illumination. Such artificial interference with selected elements of complex neuronal circuits can help to determine causal relationships between neuronal activity and the effect on the functioning of neuronal circuits controlling animal behavior. The advantages of optogenetics can best be exploited in genetically tractable animals whose nervous systems are, on the one hand, small enough in terms of cell numbers and to a certain degree stereotypically organized, such that distinct and identifiable neurons can be targeted reproducibly. On the other hand, the neuronal circuitry and the behavioral repertoire should be complex enough to enable one to address interesting questions. The fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster is a favorable model organism in this regard. However, the application of optogenetic tools to depolarize or hyperpolarize neurons through light-induced ionic currents has been difficult in adult flies. Only recently, several variants of Channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2) have been introduced that provide sufficient light sensitivity, expression, and stability to depolarize central brain neurons efficiently in adult Drosophila. Here, we focus on the version currently providing highest photostimulation efficiency, ChR2-XXL. We exemplify the use of this optogenetic tool by applying it to a widely used aversive olfactory learning paradigm. Optogenetic activation of a population of dopamine-releasing neurons mimics the reinforcing properties of a punitive electric shock typically used as an unconditioned stimulus. In temporal coincidence with an odor stimulus this artificially induced neuronal activity causes learning of the odor signal, thereby creating a light-induced memory.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 2 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 40 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 40 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 9 23%
Researcher 7 18%
Student > Master 7 18%
Student > Bachelor 6 15%
Student > Postgraduate 2 5%
Other 4 10%
Unknown 5 13%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Neuroscience 12 30%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 9 23%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 9 23%
Psychology 2 5%
Engineering 2 5%
Other 0 0%
Unknown 6 15%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 12 March 2016.
All research outputs
#7,122,479
of 9,670,071 outputs
Outputs from Methods in molecular biology
#3,426
of 7,401 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#187,644
of 286,913 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Methods in molecular biology
#46
of 112 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 9,670,071 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 22nd percentile – i.e., 22% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 7,401 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 2.0. This one is in the 48th percentile – i.e., 48% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 286,913 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 28th percentile – i.e., 28% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 112 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 52% of its contemporaries.