Idiopathic toe-walking in children, adolescents and young adults: a matter of local or generalised stiffness?
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, March 2011
Raoul Engelbert, Jan Willem Gorter, Cuno Uiterwaal, Elise van de Putte, Paul Helders
Idiopathic Toe Walking (ITW) is present in children older than 3 years of age still walking on their toes without signs of neurological, orthopaedic or psychiatric diseases. ITW has been estimated to occur in 7% to 24% of the childhood population. To study associations between Idiopathic Toe Walking (ITW) and decrease in range of joint motion of the ankle joint. To study associations between ITW (with stiff ankles) and stiffness in other joints, muscle strength and bone density.
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