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Management of exogenous intoxication by carbamates and organophosphates at an emergency unit

Overview of attention for article published in Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira, October 2015
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Title
Management of exogenous intoxication by carbamates and organophosphates at an emergency unit
Published in
Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira, October 2015
DOI 10.1590/1806-9282.61.05.440
Pubmed ID
Authors

Sydney Correia Leão, José Fernandes de Araújo, Alessandro Rodrigues Silveira, Alex André Ferreira Queiroz, Maria Júlia Silveira Souto, Rodrigo Oliveira Almeida, Diego Carvalho Maciel, Tânia Maria de Andrade Rodrigues

Abstract

to evaluate and indicate the procedure to be followed in the health unit, both for diagnosis and the treatment of acute exogenous intoxications by carbamates or organophosphates. a descriptive study based on retrospective analysis of the clinical history of patients diagnosed with intoxication by carbamates or organophosphates admitted at the emergency unit of the Hospital de Urgências de Sergipe Governador João Alves (HUSE) between January and December of 2012. Some criteria were evaluated, such as: intoxicating agent; patient's age and gender; place of event, cause, circumstances and severity of the intoxication; as well as signs and symptoms of the muscarinic, nicotinic and neurological effects. seventy patients (average age: 25±19.97) formed the study's population. It was observed that 77.14% of them suffered carbamate intoxication. However, organophosphate intoxications were more severe, with 68.75% of patients presenting moderate to severe forms. Suicide attempt was the leading cause of poisoning, with 62 cases (88.57% of total). Atropine administration was an effective therapeutic approach for treating signs and symptoms, which included sialorrhea (p=0.0006), nausea (p=0. 0029) and emesis (p lt0.0001). The use of activated charcoal was shown effective, both in combating the signs and symptoms presented by both patient groups (p <0.0001). it is concluded that the use of atropine and activated charcoal is highly effective to treat the signs and symptoms developed by patients presenting acute exogenous intoxication by carbamates or organophosphates.

Twitter Demographics

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 55 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 55 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 11 20%
Other 9 16%
Researcher 6 11%
Student > Doctoral Student 5 9%
Student > Ph. D. Student 5 9%
Other 12 22%
Unknown 7 13%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 22 40%
Nursing and Health Professions 6 11%
Psychology 5 9%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 4 7%
Environmental Science 2 4%
Other 7 13%
Unknown 9 16%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 27 April 2016.
All research outputs
#11,192,332
of 12,577,171 outputs
Outputs from Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
#327
of 452 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#219,015
of 262,125 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
#10
of 13 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 12,577,171 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 452 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 2.0. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 262,125 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 13 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 1st percentile – i.e., 1% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.