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Correlation of Insulin Resistance with Anthropometric Measures and Blood Pressure in Adolescents

Overview of attention for article published in Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, January 2016
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Title
Correlation of Insulin Resistance with Anthropometric Measures and Blood Pressure in Adolescents
Published in
Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia, January 2016
DOI 10.5935/abc.20160041
Pubmed ID
Authors

Polyana Resende Silva de Morais, Ana Luiza Lima Sousa, Thiago de Souza Veiga Jardim, Flávia Miquetichuc Nogueira Nascente, Karla Lorena Mendonça, Thaís Inácio Rolim Povoa, Carolina de Souza Carneiro, Vanessa Roriz Ferreira, Weimar Kunz Sebba Barroso de Souza, Paulo César Brandão Veiga Jardim

Abstract

Blood pressure is directly related to body mass index, and individuals with increased waist circumference have higher risk of developing hypertension, insulin resistance, and other metabolic changes, since adolescence. to evaluate the correlation of blood pressure with insulin resistance, waist circumference and body mass index in adolescents. Cross-section study on a representative sample of adolescent students. One group of adolescents with altered blood pressure detected by casual blood pressure and/or home blood pressure monitoring (blood pressure > 90th percentile) and one group of normotensive adolescents were studied. Body mass index, waist circumference were measured, and fasting glucose and plasma insulin levels were determined, using the HOMA-IR index to identify insulin resistance. A total of 162 adolescents (35 with normal blood pressure and 127 with altered blood pressure) were studied; 61% (n = 99) of them were boys and the mean age was 14.9 ± 1.62 years. Thirty-eight (23.5%) adolescents had altered HOMA-IR. The group with altered blood pressure had higher values of waist circumference, body mass index and HOMA-IR (p<0.05). Waist circumference was higher among boys in both groups (p<0.05) and girls with altered blood pressure had higher HOMA-IR than boys (p<0.05). There was a significant moderate correlation between body mass index and HOMA-IR in the group with altered blood pressure (ρ = 0.394; p < 0.001), and such correlation was stronger than in the normotensive group. There was also a significant moderate correlation between waist circumference and HOMA-IR in both groups (ρ = 0.345; p < 0.05). Logistic regression showed that HOMA-IR was as predictor of altered blood pressure (odds ratio - OR = 2.0; p = 0.001). There was a significant association of insulin resistance with blood pressure and the impact of insulin resistance on blood pressure since childhood. The correlation and association between markers of cardiovascular diseases was more pronounced in adolescents with altered blood pressure, suggesting that primary prevention strategies for cardiovascular risk factors should be early implemented in childhood and adolescence.

Twitter Demographics

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 52 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 52 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 14 27%
Student > Master 5 10%
Other 5 10%
Student > Postgraduate 5 10%
Researcher 4 8%
Other 12 23%
Unknown 7 13%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 19 37%
Nursing and Health Professions 9 17%
Sports and Recreations 2 4%
Psychology 1 2%
Economics, Econometrics and Finance 1 2%
Other 6 12%
Unknown 14 27%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 09 May 2016.
All research outputs
#12,109,199
of 13,643,660 outputs
Outputs from Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
#432
of 513 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#219,160
of 260,987 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
#1
of 1 outputs
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