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The Effect of Exercise on Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Overview of attention for article published in Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, July 2016
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (96th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (83rd percentile)

Mentioned by

news
3 news outlets
blogs
2 blogs
twitter
57 tweeters
facebook
2 Facebook pages

Citations

dimensions_citation
54 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
148 Mendeley
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Title
The Effect of Exercise on Depressive Symptoms in Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Published in
Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, July 2016
DOI 10.1016/j.jaac.2016.04.016
Pubmed ID
Authors

Tim Carter, Ioannis D. Morres, Oonagh Meade, Patrick Callaghan

Abstract

The purpose of this review was to examine the treatment effect of physical exercise on depressive symptoms for adolescents aged 13 to 17 years. A systematic search of 7 electronic databases identified relevant randomized controlled trials. Following removal of duplicates, 543 texts were screened for eligibility. Screening, data extraction, and trial methodological quality assessment (using the Delphi list) were undertaken by 2 independent researchers. Standardized mean differences were used for pooling postintervention depressive symptom scores. Eleven trials met the inclusion criteria, 8 of which provided the necessary data for calculation of standardized effect size. Exercise showed a statistically significant moderate overall effect on depressive symptom reduction (standardized mean difference [SMD] = -0.48, 95% CI = -0.87, -0.10, p = .01, I(2) = 67%). Among trials with higher methodological scoring, a nonsignificant moderate effect was recorded (SMD = -0.41, 95% CI = -0.86, 0.05, p = .08). In trials with exclusively clinical samples, exercise showed a statistically significant moderate effect on depressive symptoms with lower levels of heterogeneity (SMD = -0.43, 95% CI = -0.84, -0.02, p = .04, I(2) = 44%). Physical exercise appears to improve depressive symptoms in adolescents, especially in clinical samples in which the moderate antidepressant effect, higher methodological quality, and lowered statistical heterogeneity suggest that exercise may be a useful treatment strategy for depression. Larger trials with clinical samples that adequately minimize the risk of bias are required for firmer conclusions on the effectiveness of exercise as an antidepressant treatment.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 57 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 148 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 148 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 22 15%
Student > Ph. D. Student 21 14%
Student > Master 19 13%
Researcher 17 11%
Student > Doctoral Student 11 7%
Other 36 24%
Unknown 22 15%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 32 22%
Psychology 25 17%
Sports and Recreations 17 11%
Nursing and Health Professions 13 9%
Social Sciences 10 7%
Other 19 13%
Unknown 32 22%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 75. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 31 July 2018.
All research outputs
#267,323
of 14,779,893 outputs
Outputs from Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
#144
of 3,142 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#8,426
of 261,902 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
#8
of 49 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 14,779,893 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 98th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 3,142 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 16.1. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 95% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 261,902 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 96% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 49 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done well, scoring higher than 83% of its contemporaries.