To investigate the course of anxiety and depression before and after transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRUS-Bx) and in the postoperative 1st month when the histopathological biopsy result was obtained.
In between June 2017- January 2019, 204 patients who underwent TRUS-Bx and completed the questionnaires assessing anxiety and depression were included in the study. Questionnaires were completed immediately before the biopsy, immediately after the biopsy and at the end of the first month when the histopathological biopsy results were given. State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and perceived stress scale (PSS) forms were used to assess anxiety and depression. After the histopathological examination patients were divided into two groups as patients without cancer (Group 1) and with cancer (Group 2). Data was compared between the groups.
PSA level was negatively correlated with STAI TX-1 scores of the patients immediately after TRUS-Bx, whereas it was positively correlated with STAI TX-1 and TX-2 30 days after the TRUS-Bx. PSA level was positively correlated with HADS-A and HADS-D scores immediately before and 30 days after TRUS-Bx. Biopsy results showed a significant difference in 30 day post-biopsy related data. STAI TX-1, STAI TX-2, HADS-A, HADS-D and PSS scores were higher in Group 2 compared with Group 1.
Pre-biopsy anxiety disappeared after bx, but there was a significant increase in anxiety and depression in patients after the diagnosis of malignancy. Patients were seriously concerned about the diagnosis of prostate cancer.