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Circumcision Is Unethical and Unlawful

Overview of attention for article published in The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, January 2021
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • Among the highest-scoring outputs from this source (#32 of 1,177)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (96th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (95th percentile)

Mentioned by

news
2 news outlets
twitter
62 tweeters
facebook
4 Facebook pages
googleplus
2 Google+ users

Citations

dimensions_citation
30 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
84 Mendeley
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Title
Circumcision Is Unethical and Unlawful
Published in
The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, January 2021
DOI 10.1177/1073110516654120
Pubmed ID
Authors

J. Steven Svoboda, Peter W. Adler, Robert S. Van Howe

Abstract

The foreskin is a complex structure that protects and moisturizes the head of the penis, and, being the most densely innervated and sensitive portion of the penis, is essential to providing the complete sexual response. Circumcision-the removal of this structure-is non-therapeutic, painful, irreversible surgery that also risks serious physical injury, psychological sequelae, and death. Men rarely volunteer for it, and increasingly circumcised men are expressing their resentment about it.Circumcision is usually performed for religious, cultural and personal reasons. Early claims about its medical benefits have been proven false. The American Academy of Pediatrics and the Centers for Disease Prevention and Control have made many scientifically untenable claims promoting circumcision that run counter to the consensus of Western medical organizations.Circumcision violates the cardinal principles of medical ethics, to respect autonomy (self-determination), to do good, to do no harm, and to be just. Without a clear medical indication, circumcision must be deferred until the child can provide his own fully informed consent.In 2012, a German court held that circumcision constitutes criminal assault. Under existing United States law and international human rights declarations as well, circumcision already violates boys› absolute rights to equal protection, bodily integrity, autonomy, and freedom to choose their own religion. A physician has a legal duty to protect children from unnecessary interventions. Physicians who obtain parental permission through spurious claims or omissions, or rely on the American Academy of Pediatrics' position, also risk liability for misleading parents about circumcision.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 62 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 84 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 84 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 16 19%
Student > Bachelor 13 15%
Student > Ph. D. Student 8 10%
Researcher 7 8%
Student > Postgraduate 7 8%
Other 14 17%
Unknown 19 23%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 17 20%
Social Sciences 13 15%
Psychology 9 11%
Nursing and Health Professions 7 8%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 3 4%
Other 14 17%
Unknown 21 25%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 68. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 15 November 2022.
All research outputs
#523,530
of 22,545,203 outputs
Outputs from The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics
#32
of 1,177 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#18,496
of 493,699 outputs
Outputs of similar age from The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics
#4
of 73 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 22,545,203 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 97th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 1,177 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 12.4. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 97% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 493,699 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 96% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 73 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 95% of its contemporaries.