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Intimate partner violence trends in Brazil: data from two waves of the Brazilian National Alcohol and Drugs Survey

Overview of attention for article published in Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, April 2016
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Title
Intimate partner violence trends in Brazil: data from two waves of the Brazilian National Alcohol and Drugs Survey
Published in
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, April 2016
DOI 10.1590/1516-4446-2015-1798
Pubmed ID
Authors

Ally, Elizabeth Z., Laranjeira, Ronaldo, Viana, Maria C., Pinsky, Ilana, Caetano, Raul, Mitsuhiro, Sandro, Madruga, Clarice S., Ally, Elizabeth Z., Laranjeira, Ronaldo, Viana, Maria C., Pinsky, Ilana, Caetano, Raul, Mitsuhiro, Sandro, Madruga, Clarice S.

Abstract

To compare intimate partner violence (IPV) prevalence rates in 2006 and 2012 in a nationally representative household sample in Brazil. The associations between IPV and substance use were also investigated. IPV was assessed using the Conflict Tactic Scale-R in two waves (2006/2012) of the Brazilian Alcohol and Drugs Survey. Weighted prevalence rates and adjusted logistic regression models were calculated. Prevalence rates of IPV victimization decreased significantly, especially among women (8.8 to 6.3%). The rates of IPV perpetration also decreased significantly (10.6 to 8.4% for the overall sample and 9.2 to 6.1% in men), as well as the rates of bidirectional violence (by individuals who were simultaneously victims and perpetrators of violence) (3.2 to 2.4% for the overall sample). Alcohol increased the likelihood of being a victim (odds ratio [OR] = 1.6) and perpetrator (OR = 2.4) of IPV. Use of illicit drugs increased up to 4.5 times the likelihood of being a perpetrator. In spite of the significant reduction in most types of IPV between 2006 and 2012, violence perpetrated by women was not significantly reduced, and the current national rates are still high. Further, this study suggests that use of alcohol and other psychoactive drugs plays a major role in IPV. Prevention initiatives must take drug misuse into consideration.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 90 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 90 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 14 16%
Student > Bachelor 13 14%
Student > Ph. D. Student 13 14%
Professor 8 9%
Researcher 6 7%
Other 17 19%
Unknown 19 21%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Psychology 19 21%
Medicine and Dentistry 14 16%
Nursing and Health Professions 12 13%
Social Sciences 7 8%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 4 4%
Other 13 14%
Unknown 21 23%