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Prevalência e fatores associados ao tabagismo em pessoas vivendo com HIV em tratamento

Overview of attention for article published in Revista de Saúde Pública, December 2020
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Title
Prevalência e fatores associados ao tabagismo em pessoas vivendo com HIV em tratamento
Published in
Revista de Saúde Pública, December 2020
DOI 10.11606/s1518-8787.2020054001828
Pubmed ID
Authors

Luciane de Souza Leal Teixeira, Maria das Graças Braga Ceccato, Wânia da Silva Carvalho, Juliana de Oliveira Costa, Palmira de Fátima Bonolo, Jullye Campos Mendes, Micheline Rosa Silveira

Abstract

To estimate the prevalence of smoking and evaluate the factors associated with this outcome in people living with HIV (PLHIV). This is a cross-sectional study of a prospective concurrent cohort of 462 individuals initiating antiretroviral therapy at three HIV/AIDS specialized services in Belo Horizonte between 2015 and 2017. The following smoking status were used: current smoker (CS), former smoker (FS) and non-smoker (NS). Multinomial logistic regression was performed with NS as the reference category. Most participants were men (81.4%), young (up to 34 years old; 57.2%) and non-white (75.7%). Of the total number of individuals, 27.7% were CS, 22.9% FS, and 49.4% NS. Most smokers were light smokers (65.1%), consumed up to 10 cigarettes per day and had been smoking for more than 10 years (63.3%), starting on average at 17.2 years of age (SD = 5.1). In the multivariate analysis, higher chances of being CS were associated with: being female, having up to 9 years of schooling, current or prior use of alcohol and illicit drugs (marijuana, cocaine and crack) and presenting signs and/or symptoms of anxiety or depression. Higher chances of being FS were associated with having up to 9 years of schooling and current or prior use of alcohol and illicit drugs (marijuana and crack). The results show that smoking is highly prevalent among PLHIV, indicating the need for HIV specialized services to prioritize smoking cessation interventions. These interventions should consider the use of alcohol and illicit drugs and be targeted especially to young people, those with low schooling and with signs and/or symptoms of anxiety or depression.

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Mendeley readers

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Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 14 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Doctoral Student 2 14%
Student > Master 2 14%
Student > Ph. D. Student 1 7%
Student > Bachelor 1 7%
Student > Postgraduate 1 7%
Other 0 0%
Unknown 7 50%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 2 14%
Psychology 2 14%
Nursing and Health Professions 1 7%
Unknown 9 64%