Animal Models of Diabetes-Induced Neuropathic Pain.
Behavioral Neurobiology of Chronic Pain
Current topics in behavioral neurosciences, February 2014
Corinne A. Lee-Kubli, Teresa Mixcoatl-Zecuatl, Corinne G. Jolivalt, Nigel A. Calcutt
Bradley K. Taylor, David P. Finn
Neuropathy will afflict over half of the approximately 350 million people worldwide who currently suffer from diabetes and around one-third of diabetic patients with neuropathy will suffer from painful symptoms that may be spontaneous or stimulus evoked. Diabetes can be induced in rats or mice by genetic, dietary, or chemical means, and there are a variety of well-characterized models of diabetic neuropathy that replicate either type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Diabetic rodents display aspects of sensorimotor dysfunction such as stimulus-evoked allodynia and hyperalgesia that are widely used to model painful neuropathy. This allows investigation of pathogenic mechanisms and development of potential therapeutic interventions that may alleviate established pain or prevent onset of pain.
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