↓ Skip to main content

Teaching accreditation exams reveal grading biases favor women in male-dominated disciplines in France

Overview of attention for article published in Science, July 2016
Altmetric Badge

About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (98th percentile)

Mentioned by

news
15 news outlets
blogs
3 blogs
twitter
844 tweeters
facebook
4 Facebook pages
wikipedia
1 Wikipedia page
googleplus
5 Google+ users
reddit
4 Redditors

Citations

dimensions_citation
19 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
82 Mendeley
citeulike
1 CiteULike
You are seeing a free-to-access but limited selection of the activity Altmetric has collected about this research output. Click here to find out more.
Title
Teaching accreditation exams reveal grading biases favor women in male-dominated disciplines in France
Published in
Science, July 2016
DOI 10.1126/science.aaf4372
Pubmed ID
Authors

Thomas Breda, Mélina Hillion

Abstract

Discrimination against women is seen as one of the possible causes behind their underrepresentation in certain STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) subjects. We show that this is not the case for the competitive exams used to recruit almost all French secondary and postsecondary teachers and professors. Comparisons of oral non-gender-blind tests with written gender-blind tests for about 100,000 individuals observed in 11 different fields over the period 2006-2013 reveal a bias in favor of women that is strongly increasing with the extent of a field's male-domination. This bias turns from 3 to 5 percentile ranks for men in literature and foreign languages to about 10 percentile ranks for women in math, physics, or philosophy. These findings have implications for the debate over what interventions are appropriate to increase the representation of women in fields in which they are currently underrepresented.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 844 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 82 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
United Kingdom 1 1%
Mexico 1 1%
Romania 1 1%
Unknown 79 96%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 17 21%
Student > Bachelor 11 13%
Researcher 9 11%
Other 6 7%
Professor 6 7%
Other 14 17%
Unknown 19 23%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Psychology 8 10%
Social Sciences 8 10%
Economics, Econometrics and Finance 8 10%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 6 7%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 5 6%
Other 24 29%
Unknown 23 28%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 736. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 24 November 2021.
All research outputs
#19,229
of 21,285,520 outputs
Outputs from Science
#995
of 76,406 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#422
of 280,086 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Science
#20
of 962 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 21,285,520 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 76,406 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 59.6. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 98% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 280,086 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 962 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 98% of its contemporaries.