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A study of institutional spending on open access publication fees in Germany

Overview of attention for article published in PeerJ, August 2016
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (98th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (98th percentile)

Mentioned by

news
2 news outlets
blogs
1 blog
twitter
209 tweeters
facebook
10 Facebook pages
googleplus
2 Google+ users

Readers on

mendeley
42 Mendeley
citeulike
1 CiteULike
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Title
A study of institutional spending on open access publication fees in Germany
Published in
PeerJ, August 2016
DOI 10.7717/peerj.2323
Pubmed ID
Authors

Najko Jahn, Marco Tullney, Jahn, Najko, Tullney, Marco

Abstract

Publication fees as a revenue source for open access publishing hold a prominent place on the agendas of researchers, policy makers, and academic publishers. This study contributes to the evolving empirical basis for funding these charges and examines how much German universities and research organisations spent on open access publication fees. Using self-reported cost data from the Open APC initiative, the analysis focused on the amount that was being spent on publication fees, and compared these expenditure with data from related Austrian (FWF) and UK (Wellcome Trust, Jisc) initiatives, in terms of both size and the proportion of articles being published in fully and hybrid open access journals. We also investigated how thoroughly self-reported articles were indexed in Crossref, a DOI minting agency for scholarly literature, and analysed how the institutional spending was distributed across publishers and journal titles. According to self-reported data from 30 German universities and research organisations between 2005 and 2015, expenditures on open access publication fees increased over the years in Germany and amounted to € 9,627,537 for 7,417 open access journal articles. The average payment was € 1,298, and the median was € 1,231. A total of 94% of the total article volume included in the study was supported in accordance with the price cap of € 2,000, a limit imposed by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) as part of its funding activities for open access funding at German universities. Expenditures varied considerably at the institutional level. There were also differences in how much the institutions spent per journal and publisher. These differences reflect, at least in part, the varying pricing schemes in place including discounted publication fees. With an indexing coverage of 99%, Crossref thoroughly indexed the open access journals articles included in the study. A comparison with the related openly available cost data from Austria and the UK revealed that German universities and research organisations primarily funded articles in fully open access journals. By contrast, articles in hybrid journal accounted for the largest share of spending according to the Austrian and UK data. Fees paid for hybrid journals were on average more expensive than those paid for fully open access journals.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 209 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 42 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Germany 4 10%
Portugal 3 7%
United Kingdom 2 5%
Croatia 1 2%
Spain 1 2%
Ghana 1 2%
Mexico 1 2%
Uruguay 1 2%
Argentina 1 2%
Other 0 0%
Unknown 27 64%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Librarian 11 26%
Researcher 10 24%
Professor 5 12%
Other 5 12%
Student > Ph. D. Student 4 10%
Other 7 17%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Social Sciences 13 31%
Computer Science 10 24%
Arts and Humanities 3 7%
Business, Management and Accounting 3 7%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 3 7%
Other 10 24%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 177. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 28 October 2017.
All research outputs
#44,250
of 8,617,648 outputs
Outputs from PeerJ
#91
of 3,937 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#3,141
of 261,421 outputs
Outputs of similar age from PeerJ
#6
of 320 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 8,617,648 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 3,937 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 20.3. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 97% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 261,421 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 98% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 320 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 98% of its contemporaries.