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Prevalence of periodontopathogens and Candida spp. in smokers after nonsurgical periodontal therapy – a pilot study

Overview of attention for article published in Brazilian Oral Research, January 2016
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Title
Prevalence of periodontopathogens and Candida spp. in smokers after nonsurgical periodontal therapy – a pilot study
Published in
Brazilian Oral Research, January 2016
DOI 10.1590/1807-3107bor-2016.vol30.0092
Pubmed ID
Authors

Gabriela Alessandra da Cruz Galhardo CAMARGO, Mariana Gouvêa Latini ABREU, Renata dos Santos CORDEIRO, Letícia de Farias WENDEROSCKY, Cristiane DUQUE

Abstract

This pilot study aimed to evaluate the influence of smoking on clinical and microbiological parameters after nonsurgical periodontal therapy. Forty-eight subjects were grouped into smokers (SM, n = 24) and nonsmokers (NS, n = 24) and paired according to gender, age, ethnicity, and periodontal status. Both groups received oral hygiene education and scaling and root planing. Clinical evaluation was performed using plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP), pocket probing depth (PPD), gingival recession (GR), and clinical attachment level (CAL) before instrumentation (baseline) and at 3 and 6 months. The prevalence of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida tropicalis, and Candida dubliniensis in subgingival biofilm was determined by polymerase chain reaction. The data were statistically analyzed considering p < 0.05. Clinical conditions improved between baseline and 3 months after periodontal treatment. However, NS had a better clinical response, presenting greater PPD reduction and CAL increase in comparison to SM. Periodontal treatment reduced the levels of P. gingivalis, A. actinomycetemcomitans, and T. forsythia individually after 3 months for the NS group and after 6 months for both groups. The prevalence of Candida species was markedly higher in SM than in NS at all time points evaluated. Periodontopathogens associated or not with C. albicans or C. dubliniensis were more prevalent in SM than in NS at baseline and after 3 months. It was concluded that smoking impairs clinical and microbiological responses to periodontal therapy. Periodontopathogens combined or not with some Candida species are resistant to short-term periodontal therapy in SM.

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 50 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 50 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 8 16%
Student > Master 7 14%
Student > Ph. D. Student 6 12%
Student > Postgraduate 3 6%
Researcher 3 6%
Other 7 14%
Unknown 16 32%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 22 44%
Nursing and Health Professions 4 8%
Immunology and Microbiology 3 6%
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 2 4%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 1 2%
Other 2 4%
Unknown 16 32%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 25 August 2016.
All research outputs
#14,053,276
of 15,938,341 outputs
Outputs from Brazilian Oral Research
#132
of 161 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#224,558
of 267,018 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Brazilian Oral Research
#1
of 1 outputs
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