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Unexpected arousal modulates the influence of sensory noise on confidence

Overview of attention for article published in eLife, October 2016
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (99th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (98th percentile)

Mentioned by

news
18 news outlets
blogs
9 blogs
twitter
197 tweeters
facebook
3 Facebook pages

Citations

dimensions_citation
67 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
254 Mendeley
citeulike
2 CiteULike
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Title
Unexpected arousal modulates the influence of sensory noise on confidence
Published in
eLife, October 2016
DOI 10.7554/elife.18103
Pubmed ID
Authors

Micah Allen, Darya Frank, D Samuel Schwarzkopf, Francesca Fardo, Joel S Winston, Tobias U Hauser, Geraint Rees

Abstract

Human perception is invariably accompanied by a graded feeling of confidence that guides metacognitive awareness and decision-making. It is often assumed that this arises solely from the feed-forward encoding of the strength or precision of sensory inputs. In contrast, interoceptive inference models suggest that confidence reflects a weighted integration of sensory precision and expectations about internal states, such as arousal. Here we test this hypothesis using a novel psychophysical paradigm, in which unseen disgust-cues induced unexpected, unconscious arousal just before participants discriminated motion signals of variable precision. Across measures of perceptual bias, uncertainty, and physiological arousal we found that arousing disgust cues modulated the encoding of sensory noise. Furthermore, the degree to which trial-by-trial pupil fluctuations encoded this nonlinear interaction correlated with trial level confidence. Our results suggest that unexpected arousal regulates perceptual precision, such that subjective confidence reflects the integration of both external sensory and internal, embodied states.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 197 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 254 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Germany 4 2%
France 2 <1%
United Kingdom 2 <1%
Spain 1 <1%
Turkey 1 <1%
Netherlands 1 <1%
Luxembourg 1 <1%
Switzerland 1 <1%
Portugal 1 <1%
Other 4 2%
Unknown 236 93%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 64 25%
Researcher 56 22%
Student > Master 35 14%
Unspecified 24 9%
Student > Bachelor 19 7%
Other 56 22%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Psychology 95 37%
Neuroscience 58 23%
Unspecified 41 16%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 16 6%
Medicine and Dentistry 13 5%
Other 31 12%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 320. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 12 April 2019.
All research outputs
#36,218
of 13,511,306 outputs
Outputs from eLife
#92
of 7,226 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#1,952
of 292,204 outputs
Outputs of similar age from eLife
#6
of 345 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 13,511,306 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 99th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 7,226 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 32.9. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 98% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 292,204 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 99% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 345 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 98% of its contemporaries.