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Fat supplementation of human milk for promoting growth in preterm infants

Overview of attention for article published in Cochrane database of systematic reviews, April 2000
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Title
Fat supplementation of human milk for promoting growth in preterm infants
Published in
Cochrane database of systematic reviews, April 2000
DOI 10.1002/14651858.cd000341
Pubmed ID
Authors

Carl A Kuschel, Jane E Harding, Vazhkudai S Kumaran

Abstract

For term infants, human milk provides adequate nutrition to facilitate growth, as well as potential beneficial effects on immunity and the maternal-infant emotional state. However, the role of human milk in premature infants is less well defined as it contains insufficient quantities of some nutrients to meet the estimated needs of the infant. There are potential short term and long term benefits from human milk, although observational studies have suggested that infants fed formula have a higher rate of growth than infants who are breast fed. The main objective is to determine if addition of supplemental fat to human milk leads to improved growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes without significant adverse effects in preterm infants. The standard search strategy of the Cochrane Neonatal Collaborative Review Group was used. This includes searches of the Oxford Database of Perinatal Trials, MEDLINE, previous reviews including cross references, abstracts, conferences and symposia proceedings, expert informants, journal handsearching mainly in the English language. All trials utilizing random or quasi-random allocation to supplementation of human milk with fat or no supplementation in preterm infants within a hospital were eligible. Data were extracted using the standard methods of the Cochrane Neonatal Collaborative Review Group, with separate evaluation of trial quality and data extraction by each author and synthesis of data using relative risk and weighted mean difference. Results are available for only one small study evaluating the effects of fat supplementation. There are insufficient data to evaluate short term or long term growth outcomes and neurodevelopmental outcomes. There are insufficient data to comment on potential adverse effects. There is insufficient evidence to make recommendations for practice. Further research should evaluate the practice of supplementation of human milk with fat. This may best be done in the context of the development of multicomponent fortifiers. Both short term growth outcomes and long term growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes should be evaluated. Adverse effects should be evaluated.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 45 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Brazil 1 2%
Unknown 44 98%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 13 29%
Student > Master 9 20%
Other 8 18%
Student > Postgraduate 4 9%
Student > Ph. D. Student 3 7%
Other 8 18%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 29 64%
Unspecified 4 9%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 3 7%
Nursing and Health Professions 1 2%
Business, Management and Accounting 1 2%
Other 7 16%