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Adverse childhood experiences and consumption of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs among adolescents of a Brazilian birth cohort

Overview of attention for article published in Cadernos de Saúde Pública, October 2016
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Title
Adverse childhood experiences and consumption of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs among adolescents of a Brazilian birth cohort
Published in
Cadernos de Saúde Pública, October 2016
DOI 10.1590/0102-311x00085815
Pubmed ID
Authors

Helen Gonçalves, Ana Luiza Gonçalves Soares, Ana Paula Gomes dos Santos, Camila Garcez Ribeiro, Isabel Oliveira Bierhals, Luna Strieder Vieira, Natália Limões Hellwig, Fernando C. Wehrmeister, Ana M. B. Menezes

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the association between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and the use of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs among adolescents from a Brazilian cohort. The occurrence of five ACEs, the use of alcohol and tobacco and trying illicit drugs were investigated in the 1993 Pelotas birth cohort at the age of 15 (n = 4,230). A score was created for the ACEs and their association with the use of substances was evaluated. Around 25% of adolescents consumed alcohol, 6% smoked and 2.1% reported having used drugs at least once in their lives. The ACEs were associated with the use of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs. A dose-response relation between the number of ACEs and the substance use was found, particularly with regard to illicit drugs. The occurrence of ACEs was positively associated with the use of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs among adolescents and the risk may be different for men and women. These results point to the fact that strategies for preventing the use of substances should include interventions both among adolescents and within the family environment.

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 90 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 90 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 14 16%
Student > Bachelor 13 14%
Researcher 11 12%
Student > Master 9 10%
Other 6 7%
Other 17 19%
Unknown 20 22%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 20 22%
Nursing and Health Professions 12 13%
Psychology 11 12%
Social Sciences 9 10%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 4 4%
Other 9 10%
Unknown 25 28%