Retraction note to: Treatment of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus wound infection using vancomycin-loaded nanoparticles: An in vitro and in vivo study.
Acta Microbiologica et Immunologica Hungarica, June 2023
Hassan Thoulfikar A Alamir, Mustafa Gheni Taher, Mazin Razooqi Mohammed, Saja Hameed Kareem, Abduladheem Turki Jalil
Due to the rise of bacteria that are resistant to multiple drugs, treating infections in burn wounds has become a worldwide problem. It is important to find new ways to treat these infections. Lipid-based drug delivery systems have emerged as a promising type of carrier for antibiotics as well as antibacterial agents, such as antimicrobial peptides and nucleic acids, for wound infections. To this end, the current study assessed the antibacterial effects and wound healing properties of vancomycin-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) surgical wound infections. vancomycin-SLN was synthesized by double emulsion solvent evaporation techniques, and then in vitro antibacterial activity was evaluated by well diffusion and broth microdilution methods. A surgical wound was inflicted on 36 male rats; the infection was caused by MRSA, and free vancomycin and vancomycin-SLN were topically applied. Particle size, PDI, zeta potential, drug loading, and encapsulation efficiency of the optimum vancomycin-SLN were 350 ± 24 nm, 0.402 ± 0.014, -16.3 ± 2.5 mV, 13.9 ± 1.4%, and 92.14 ± 3.1%, respectively. In vitro antibacterial assays showed lower MICs for free vancomycin and killed bacteria more efficiently than vancomycin-SLN. However, the synthesized nanoparticles indicated long-term antibacterial activity against MRSA. Animals that were treated with vancomycin-SLN showed the best wound healing procedure. Treatment of rats with vancomycin-SLN increased re-epithelialization and decreased granulation tissue development, as seen by histological analysis. Antibiotic-loaded SLN could not only manage wound infection but also enhance wound healing. Therefore, this kind of treatment should be considered by scientists as an applicable treatment for wounds.
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