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Implicit Associations and Explicit Expectancies toward Cannabis in Heavy Cannabis Users and Controls

Overview of attention for article published in Frontiers in Psychiatry, January 2013
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Mentioned by

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3 tweeters

Citations

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8 Dimensions

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37 Mendeley
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Title
Implicit Associations and Explicit Expectancies toward Cannabis in Heavy Cannabis Users and Controls
Published in
Frontiers in Psychiatry, January 2013
DOI 10.3389/fpsyt.2013.00059
Pubmed ID
Authors

Esther M. Beraha, Janna Cousijn, Elisa Hermanides, Anna E. Goudriaan, Reinout W. Wiers, Beraha, Esther, Cousijn, Janna, Hermanides, Elisa, Goudriaan, Anna E, Wiers, Reinout W

Abstract

Cognitive biases, including implicit memory associations are thought to play an important role in the development of addictive behaviors. The aim of the present study was to investigate implicit affective memory associations in heavy cannabis users. Implicit positive-arousal, sedation, and negative associations toward cannabis were measured with three Single Category Implicit Association Tests (SC-IAT's) and compared between 59 heavy cannabis users and 89 controls. Moreover, we investigated the relationship between these implicit affective associations and explicit expectancies, subjective craving, cannabis use, and cannabis related problems. Results show that heavy cannabis users had stronger implicit positive-arousal associations but weaker implicit negative associations toward cannabis compared to controls. Moreover, heavy cannabis users had stronger sedation but weaker negative explicit expectancies toward cannabis compared to controls. Within heavy cannabis users, more cannabis use was associated with stronger implicit negative associations whereas more cannabis use related problems was associated with stronger explicit negative expectancies, decreasing the overall difference on negative associations between cannabis users and controls. No other associations were observed between implicit associations, explicit expectancies, measures of cannabis use, cannabis use related problems, or subjective craving. These findings indicate that, in contrast to other substances of abuse like alcohol and tobacco, the relationship between implicit associations and cannabis use appears to be weak in heavy cannabis users.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 3 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 37 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Germany 1 3%
Unknown 36 97%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 9 24%
Student > Master 6 16%
Researcher 4 11%
Student > Bachelor 4 11%
Professor 4 11%
Other 10 27%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Psychology 15 41%
Unspecified 7 19%
Medicine and Dentistry 6 16%
Neuroscience 5 14%
Decision Sciences 1 3%
Other 3 8%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 21 June 2013.
All research outputs
#7,213,393
of 11,581,124 outputs
Outputs from Frontiers in Psychiatry
#1,122
of 1,580 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#69,926
of 134,382 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Frontiers in Psychiatry
#1
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 11,581,124 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 23rd percentile – i.e., 23% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 1,580 research outputs from this source. They typically receive more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 9.7. This one is in the 23rd percentile – i.e., 23% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 134,382 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 36th percentile – i.e., 36% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them