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Mortalidade e anos de vida perdidos por violências interpessoais e autoprovocadas no Brasil e Estados: análise das estimativas do Estudo Carga Global de Doença, 1990 e 2015

Overview of attention for article published in Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, May 2017
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Title
Mortalidade e anos de vida perdidos por violências interpessoais e autoprovocadas no Brasil e Estados: análise das estimativas do Estudo Carga Global de Doença, 1990 e 2015
Published in
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, May 2017
DOI 10.1590/1980-5497201700050012
Pubmed ID
Authors

Deborah Carvalho Malta, Maria Cecília de Souza Minayo, Adauto Martins Soares Filho, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Marli de Mesquita Silva Montenegro, Roberto Marini Ladeira, Otaliba Libanio de Morais Neto, Ana Paula Melo, Meghan Mooney, Mohsen Naghavi

Abstract

To analyze mortality and years of life lost due to death or disability (disability-adjusted life years - DALYs) for interpersonal violence and self-harm, comparing 1990 and 2015, in Brazil and Federated Units, using estimates produced by the Global Burden of Disease 2015 (GBD 2015). Secondary data analysis of estimates from the GBD 2015, producing standardized death rates and years of life lost due to death or disability. The main source of death data was the Mortality Information System, submitted to correction of underreporting of deaths and redistribution of garbage codes. From 1990 to 2015, homicide mortality rates were stable, with a percentage variation of -0.9%, from 28.3/100 thousand inhabitants (95% UI 26.9-32.1) in 1990 to 27.8/100,000 (95% UI 24.3-29.8) in 2015. Homicide rates were higher in Alagoas and Pernambuco, and there was a reduction in São Paulo (-40.9%). Suicide rates decreased by 19%, from 8.1/100,000 (95% UI 7.5-8.6) in 1990 to 6.6/100,000 (95% UI 6.1-7,9) in 2015. Higher rates were found in Rio Grande do Sul. In the ranking of external causes for years of life lost due to death or disability (DALYs), firearm aggression predominated, followed by transportation accidents; self-inflicted injuries were in sixth place. The study shows the importance of external causes among young people and men as a cause of premature death and disabilities, which is a priority problem in the country. The Global Burden of Disease study may support public policies for violence prevention.

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 110 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 110 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 22 20%
Student > Master 18 16%
Student > Doctoral Student 14 13%
Researcher 7 6%
Student > Postgraduate 7 6%
Other 16 15%
Unknown 26 24%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Nursing and Health Professions 27 25%
Medicine and Dentistry 19 17%
Social Sciences 12 11%
Psychology 12 11%
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 2 2%
Other 11 10%
Unknown 27 25%