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Effect of gabapentin pretreatment on myoclonus after etomidate: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study

Overview of attention for article published in Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (English edition), July 2016
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Title
Effect of gabapentin pretreatment on myoclonus after etomidate: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study
Published in
Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (English edition), July 2016
DOI 10.1016/j.bjane.2014.11.014
Pubmed ID
Authors

Mensure Yılmaz Çakirgöz, İsmail Demirel, Esra Duran, Ayşe Belin Özer, Volkan Hancı, Ülkü Aygen Türkmen, Ahmet Aydın, Ayşın Ersoy, Aslıhan Büyükyıldırım

Abstract

To evaluate the effects of three different doses of gabapentin pretreatment on the incidence and severity of myoclonic movements linked to etomidate injection. One hundered patients, between 18 and 60 years of age and risk category American Society of Anesthesiologists I-II, with planned elective surgery under general anesthetic were included in the study. The patients were randomly divided into four groups and 2h before the operation were given oral capsules of placebo (Group P, n=25), 400mg gabapentin (Group G400, n=25), 800mg gabapentin (Group G800, n=25) or 1200mg gabapentin (Group G1200, n=25). Side effects before the operation were recorded. After preoxygenation for anesthesia induction 0.3mgkg(-1) etomidate was administered for 10s. A single anesthetist with no knowledge of the study medication evaluated sedation and myoclonic movements on a scale between 0 and 3. Two minutes after induction, 2μgkg(-1) fentanyl and 0.8mgkg(-1) rocuronium were administered for tracheal intubation. Demographic data were similar. Incidence and severity of myoclonus in Group G1200 and Group G800 were significantly lower than in Group P; sedation incidence and level were appreciably higher compared to Group P and Group G400. While there was no difference in the incidence of myoclonus between Group P and Group G400, the severity of myoclonus in Group G400 was lower than in the placebo group. In the two-hour period before induction other than sedation none of the side effects related to gabapentin were observed in any patient. Pretreatment with 800mg and 1200mg gabapentin 2h before the operation increased the level of sedation and reduced the incidence and severity of myoclonic movements due to etomidate.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 37 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 37 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 9 24%
Student > Bachelor 4 11%
Professor 2 5%
Professor > Associate Professor 2 5%
Student > Master 2 5%
Other 6 16%
Unknown 12 32%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 13 35%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 4 11%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 2 5%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 2 5%
Computer Science 1 3%
Other 1 3%
Unknown 14 38%