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An examination of the effect of aerosolized Permanone insecticide on zebra finch susceptibility to West Nile virus

Overview of attention for article published in Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry, September 2017
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  • Above-average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (61st percentile)

Mentioned by

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4 tweeters

Citations

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1 Dimensions

Readers on

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24 Mendeley
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Title
An examination of the effect of aerosolized Permanone insecticide on zebra finch susceptibility to West Nile virus
Published in
Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry, September 2017
DOI 10.1002/etc.3918
Pubmed ID
Authors

Mark D. Jankowski, Murray E. Moore, Erik K. Hofmeister

Abstract

West Nile virus is primarily maintained cryptically primarily in avian (Passerine) populations where it is transmitted by Culex spp. mosquitoes. Mosquito control measures currently include physical activities to reduce mosquito breeding sites, the application of mosquito larvicides, or aerosolized insecticides to kill adults (adulticides) when arboviral diseases such as West Nile virus (WNV) or Zika virus are detected in mosquito populations. Organochlorine, organohosphorus, carbamate and pyrethroid insecticides are often used. Previous work suggests an effect of pyrethroids on the immune system in a variety of vertebrates. We examined the effects of exposure to aerosolized Permanone(®) 30:30 insecticide (permethrin and piperonyl butoxide in soy oil vehicle) at ∼10(3) -10(6) x potential environmental concentrations on the response of captive zebra finches (Taeniopygia guttata) to experimental challenge with WNV. Compared to vehicle control birds, WNV outcome was unchanged (65% of birds produced a viremia) in the 'low' exposure (9.52 mg/m(3) ±3.13 SD permethrin) group, but reduced in the 'high' exposure (mean 376.5 mg/m(3) ±27.9 SD permethrin) group (30% were viremic) (p < 0.05). After clearing WNV infection, birds treated with Permanone regained less body mass than vehicle treated birds (p < 0.001). Our study suggests that exposure to aerosolized Permanone insecticide at levels exceeding typical application rates has the potential to not change or mildly enhance a bird's resistance to WNV. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 4 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 24 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 24 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 5 21%
Researcher 5 21%
Student > Master 4 17%
Other 2 8%
Student > Doctoral Student 2 8%
Other 2 8%
Unknown 4 17%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Social Sciences 3 13%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 3 13%
Medicine and Dentistry 2 8%
Immunology and Microbiology 2 8%
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 2 8%
Other 8 33%
Unknown 4 17%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 21 July 2017.
All research outputs
#12,433,864
of 20,520,938 outputs
Outputs from Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry
#3,321
of 5,196 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#145,465
of 283,190 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry
#33
of 97 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 20,520,938 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 38th percentile – i.e., 38% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 5,196 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 5.0. This one is in the 33rd percentile – i.e., 33% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 283,190 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 46th percentile – i.e., 46% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 97 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 61% of its contemporaries.