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Angiostrongylus vasorum in wolves in Italy: prevalence and pathological findings

Overview of attention for article published in Parasites & Vectors, August 2017
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  • Good Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (68th percentile)

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8 tweeters

Citations

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4 Dimensions

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21 Mendeley
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Title
Angiostrongylus vasorum in wolves in Italy: prevalence and pathological findings
Published in
Parasites & Vectors, August 2017
DOI 10.1186/s13071-017-2307-1
Pubmed ID
Authors

Claudio De Liberato, Goffredo Grifoni, Raniero Lorenzetti, Roberta Meoli, Cristiano Cocumelli, Antonio Mastromattei, Francesco Scholl, Pasquale Rombolà, Pietro Calderini, Gianpaolo Bruni, Claudia Eleni

Abstract

Angiostrongylus vasorum is a nematode residing in the heart and pulmonary vessels of dogs and wild carnivores. In Europe the red fox is its reservoir, while only three records from wolves have been published. Angiostrongylus vasorum has a worldwide distribution, and many pieces of evidence demonstrate that it is spreading from endemic areas to new ones. In Italy, A. vasorum was reported with increasing frequency in dogs and foxes in the last decades, and now it is considered endemic throughout the country. Angiostrongylus vasorum can be asymptomatic or cause respiratory and circulatory disorders, at times causing severe disseminated infections. Between February 2012 and December 2016, 25 wolves found dead in central Italy were submitted to the Istituto Zooprofilattico del Lazio e della Toscana for post-mortem examination. Samples of lungs, heart, liver, spleen, kidneys, mediastinic lymph nodes and brain were collected from each animal for histological examination. When adult and larval nematodes were microscopically seen in lungs, the other organs were processed, and five histological sections for each organ were examined. To confirm parasite identification, lung samples were submitted to a PCR-sequencing protocol targeting the ITS2 region of A. vasorum. Seven wolves (28.0%) harboured nematode larvae in lung sections. In two of the positive wolves, adult nematodes were visible in pulmonary arteries, in four animals larvae were also detected in other organs. DNA sequencing reactions confirmed parasite identification as A. vasorum in all the cases. As a result of the high prevalence of A. vasorum reported in wolves in the present study, a focus of high circulation could be hypothesised in central Italy. Nevertheless, the similarly high prevalence in foxes originating from the same areas were reported in previous papers. Histopathological evidence highlights the pathogenic potential of A. vasorum in the wolf, especially in juvenile animals.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 8 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 21 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 21 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 5 24%
Researcher 3 14%
Student > Ph. D. Student 3 14%
Other 2 10%
Student > Master 2 10%
Other 3 14%
Unknown 3 14%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 10 48%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 3 14%
Medicine and Dentistry 2 10%
Environmental Science 1 5%
Unknown 5 24%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 4. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 15 April 2018.
All research outputs
#3,395,797
of 12,801,967 outputs
Outputs from Parasites & Vectors
#721
of 3,337 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#83,393
of 264,511 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Parasites & Vectors
#1
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 12,801,967 research outputs across all sources so far. This one has received more attention than most of these and is in the 73rd percentile.
So far Altmetric has tracked 3,337 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 4.4. This one has done well, scoring higher than 77% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 264,511 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 68% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them