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Antimicrobial synergism and cytotoxic properties of Citrus limon L., Piper nigrum L. and Melaleuca alternifolia (Maiden and Betche) Cheel essential oils

Overview of attention for article published in Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmacology, August 2017
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112 Mendeley
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Title
Antimicrobial synergism and cytotoxic properties of Citrus limon L., Piper nigrum L. and Melaleuca alternifolia (Maiden and Betche) Cheel essential oils
Published in
Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmacology, August 2017
DOI 10.1111/jphp.12792
Pubmed ID
Authors

Miloš M Nikolić, Katarina K Jovanović, Tatjana Lj Marković, Dejan Lj Marković, Nevenka N Gligorijević, Siniša S Radulović, Marina Kostić, Jasmina M Glamočlija, Marina D Soković

Abstract

The chemical composition, antimicrobial and synergistic effect, and cytotoxic activity of Citrus limon (lemon), Piper nigrum (green pepper) and Melaleuca alternifoila (tea tree) essential oils (EOs) were investigated. Chemical analyses of essential oils were tested by GC-FID and GC-MS spectroscopy. The antimicrobial activity assay was conducted using microdilution method against several oral bacteria and Candida spp. originating from the humans with oral disorders. The synergistic antimicrobial activity was evaluated using checkerboard method. The cytotoxicity evaluation of EOs was assessed using MTT test. Limonene (37.5%) and β-pinene (17.9%) were the major compounds in C. limon oil, β-pinene (34.4%), δ-3-carene (19.7%), limonene (18.7%) and α-pinene (10.4%) in P. nigrum oil and terpinen-4-ol (38.6%) and γ-terpinene (21.7%) in M. alternifolia oil. The broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity was achieved by tested three EOs, with C. limon oil being the strongest against bacteria and M. alternifolia oil strongest against fungi. The EOs demonstrated synergism; their combined application revealed an increase in antimicrobial activity. All tested essential oils showed lower cytotoxic activity in comparison with the positive control, and the obtained results confirmed a dose-dependent activity. The results of this study encourage use of tested EOs in development of a novel agent intended for prevention or therapy of corresponding oral disorders.

Mendeley readers

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 112 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 112 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 15 13%
Student > Master 13 12%
Researcher 12 11%
Student > Ph. D. Student 8 7%
Student > Postgraduate 5 4%
Other 22 20%
Unknown 37 33%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 22 20%
Medicine and Dentistry 12 11%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 10 9%
Chemistry 9 8%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 7 6%
Other 9 8%
Unknown 43 38%
Attention Score in Context

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 09 September 2017.
All research outputs
#17,914,959
of 23,001,641 outputs
Outputs from Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmacology
#2,427
of 2,958 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#228,600
of 318,827 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmacology
#14
of 22 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 23,001,641 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 19th percentile – i.e., 19% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 2,958 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 4.1. This one is in the 16th percentile – i.e., 16% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 318,827 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 23rd percentile – i.e., 23% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 22 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 36th percentile – i.e., 36% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.