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Pacopampa: Early evidence of violence at a ceremonial site in the northern Peruvian highlands

Overview of attention for article published in PLoS ONE, September 2017
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 5% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (97th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (96th percentile)

Mentioned by

news
13 news outlets
blogs
2 blogs
twitter
5 tweeters
googleplus
3 Google+ users

Citations

dimensions_citation
4 Dimensions

Readers on

mendeley
15 Mendeley
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Title
Pacopampa: Early evidence of violence at a ceremonial site in the northern Peruvian highlands
Published in
PLoS ONE, September 2017
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0185421
Pubmed ID
Authors

Tomohito Nagaoka, Kazuhiro Uzawa, Yuji Seki, Daniel Morales Chocano

Abstract

Pacopampa, a ceremonial complex in Peru's northern highlands, reveals early evidence of trauma in the Middle to Late Formative Period coinciding with the emergence of social stratification in the area. We examine the prevalence of trauma in human remains found at the site and present evidence of the circumstances surrounding the deaths of individuals who lived during the early stages of Andean civilization. The materials are the remains of 104 individuals (38 non-adult and 66 adult) from the Middle to Late Formative Periods. We explored trauma macroscopically and recorded patterns based on skeletons' locations, age at death, sex, social class, and chronology. We detected trauma in remains over the Middle to Late Formative Periods. While the prevalence of trauma was minimal in the Middle Formative Period, skeletons from the subsequent era exhibit more severe disturbances. However, all the skeletons show signs of healing and affected individuals experienced a low degree of trauma. Given the archaeological context (the remains were recovered from sites of ceremonial practices), as well as the equal distribution of trauma among both sexes and a lack of defensive architecture, it is plausible that rituals, rather than organized warfare or raids, caused most of the exhibited trauma. Pacopampa was home to a complex society founded on ritual activity in a ceremonial center: this is indicated by the presence of ritual violence in a society that built impressively large, ceremonial architecture and developed social stratification without any political control of surplus agricultural goods.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 5 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 15 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 15 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 3 20%
Student > Doctoral Student 2 13%
Student > Master 2 13%
Professor 1 7%
Other 1 7%
Other 3 20%
Unknown 3 20%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Arts and Humanities 3 20%
Social Sciences 2 13%
Nursing and Health Professions 1 7%
Environmental Science 1 7%
Physics and Astronomy 1 7%
Other 3 20%
Unknown 4 27%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 126. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 26 October 2017.
All research outputs
#177,037
of 16,649,729 outputs
Outputs from PLoS ONE
#3,064
of 161,335 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#5,667
of 283,288 outputs
Outputs of similar age from PLoS ONE
#86
of 2,743 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 16,649,729 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 98th percentile: it's in the top 5% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 161,335 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 13.3. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 98% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 283,288 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 97% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 2,743 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 96% of its contemporaries.