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Risk factors for hepatitis B transmission in South Brazil

Overview of attention for article published in Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, August 2017
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Title
Risk factors for hepatitis B transmission in South Brazil
Published in
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, August 2017
DOI 10.1590/0074-02760170043
Pubmed ID
Authors

Vagner Reinaldo Zingalli Bueno Pereira, Jonas Michel Wolf, Camila Albani da Silva Luz, Gláucia Zuleide Stumm, Thais da Rocha Boeira, Josiane Galvan, Daniel Simon, Vagner Ricardo Lunge

Abstract

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major public health problem in Brazil. Several risk factors are involved in HBV infection and their identification by a rational and essential approach is required to prevent the transmission of this infection in Brazil. To evaluate risk factors associated with HBV infection in South Brazil. A total of 260 patients with HBV and 260 controls from Caxias do Sul (state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil) participated in this study. All participants were given a standard questionnaire to yield the sociodemographic information and to identify HBV risk factors. HBV infection was detected by HBsAg test in all participants. HBV infection in these cases was strongly associated with history of a family member HBV-infected, mainly mother [odds ratio (OR) = 4.86; 95% confidence intervals (CI): 1.69-13.91], father (OR = 5.28; 95% CI: 1.58-17.71), and/or siblings (OR = 22.16; 95% CI: 9.39-52.25); sharing personal objects (OR = 1.40; 95% CI: 1.37-2.38); and having history of blood transfusion (OR = 2.05; 95% CI: 1.10-2.84). HBV infection was strongly associated with having a family member infected with hepatitis B, sharing personal objects, and having history of blood transfusion.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 61 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 61 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 13 21%
Student > Bachelor 11 18%
Student > Postgraduate 5 8%
Student > Doctoral Student 5 8%
Student > Ph. D. Student 4 7%
Other 10 16%
Unknown 13 21%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 18 30%
Nursing and Health Professions 7 11%
Immunology and Microbiology 5 8%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 5 8%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 3 5%
Other 9 15%
Unknown 14 23%