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Epidemiological situation of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related mortality in a municipality in northeastern Brazil. A retrospective cross-sectional study

Overview of attention for article published in Sao Paulo Medical Journal, February 2018
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Title
Epidemiological situation of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related mortality in a municipality in northeastern Brazil. A retrospective cross-sectional study
Published in
Sao Paulo Medical Journal, February 2018
DOI 10.1590/1516-3180.2017.0130100917
Pubmed ID
Authors

Luana Rodrigues da Silva, Ellen Thallita Hill Araújo, Moisés Lopes Carvalho, Camila Aparecida Pinheiro Landim Almeida, Adélia Dalva da Silva Oliveira, Patrícia Maria Gomes de Carvalho, Tatyanne Silva Rodrigues, Viriato Campelo

Abstract

The number of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related deaths covers different segments of the population differently, making monitoring of this mortality essential. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological situation of AIDS-related mortality in a municipality in the northeastern region of Brazil. Retrospective cross-sectional study based on data from death certificates in the mortality information system of the Health Information Center, Municipal Health Foundation, Brazil. Between 2003 and 2013, we investigated death certificates on which AIDS-related mortality was reported. Sociodemographic data, year, place, type of establishment where death occurred and underlying and associated causes that led to AIDS-related death were described. The Mann-Kendall test was used to verify the growth trend of the standardized mortality rate over the period studied. Among the 1,066 AIDS-related deaths, 69.7% were among men; 47.2% of the individuals were 28-41 years of age, 32.7% had had 4-7 years of schooling, 66.9% were pardos (mixed race), 55.7% were unmarried and 15.3% were housekeepers. Hospitals were the site of 97% of the deaths, and 91% occurred at public hospitals. Respiratory failure was the main cause of death. The prevalence of infectious and parasitic diseases was 99.0%. AIDS-related mortality increased by 160% over the period studied, from 5.5/100,000 inhabitants in 2003 to 14.3/100,000 in 2013. In the Brazilian municipality studied here, AIDS-related mortality was most prevalent among men and young adults of lower socioeconomic level. Over the period studied, the mortality rate increased.

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Mendeley readers

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Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 30 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 5 17%
Student > Master 5 17%
Librarian 2 7%
Student > Postgraduate 2 7%
Lecturer 2 7%
Other 5 17%
Unknown 9 30%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 5 17%
Nursing and Health Professions 5 17%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 4 13%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 1 3%
Linguistics 1 3%
Other 4 13%
Unknown 10 33%