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Socioeconomic status in childhood and obesity in adults: a population-based study

Overview of attention for article published in Revista de Saúde Pública, February 2018
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Title
Socioeconomic status in childhood and obesity in adults: a population-based study
Published in
Revista de Saúde Pública, February 2018
DOI 10.11606/s1518-8787.2018052000123
Pubmed ID
Authors

Katia Jakovljevic Pudla Wagner, João Luiz Dornelles Bastos, Albert Navarro, David Alejandro Gonzalez-Chica, Antonio Fernando Boing

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To test whether there is an association between socioeconomic status in childhood and measures of body mass index, waist circumference and the presence of overall and abdominal obesity in adult life. METHODS A cross-sectional analysis of a population-based cohort study, including a sample of adults (22-63 years old) living in Florianópolis, Southern Brazil. The socioeconomic status in childhood was analyzed through the education level of the participant's parents. Height, weight and waist circumference were measured by previously trained interviewers. Linear and logistic regressions with adjustment for confounding factors and stratification of data according to gender were used. RESULTS Of the 1,222 adults evaluated, 20.4% (95%CI 18.1-22.8) presented overall obesity and 24.8% (95%CI 22.4-27.4), abdominal obesity. The body mass index and waist circumference averages among women were, respectively, 1.2 kg/m2 (95%CI -2.3- -0.04) and 2.8 cm (95%CI -5.3- -0.2) lower among those with higher socioeconomic status in childhood. Among men, waist circumference was 3.9 cm (95%CI 1.0-6.8) higher in individuals with higher socioeconomic status in childhood. Regarding obesity, women of higher socioeconomic status in childhood had lower odds of abdominal obesity (OR = 0.56, 95%CI 0.34-0.90), and no such association was observed among men. CONCLUSIONS The socioeconomic status in childhood influences body mass index, waist circumference and obesity in adults, with a difference in the direction of association according to gender. The higher socioeconomic status among men and the lower socioeconomic status among women were associated with higher adiposity indicators.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 57 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 57 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 14 25%
Student > Master 6 11%
Student > Doctoral Student 5 9%
Researcher 5 9%
Student > Postgraduate 4 7%
Other 8 14%
Unknown 15 26%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 13 23%
Nursing and Health Professions 8 14%
Social Sciences 3 5%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 3 5%
Materials Science 2 4%
Other 7 12%
Unknown 21 37%