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Effectiveness of health education intervention in improving knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding Tuberculosis among HIV patients in General Hospital Minna, Nigeria – A randomized control trial

Overview of attention for article published in PLOS ONE, February 2018
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Title
Effectiveness of health education intervention in improving knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding Tuberculosis among HIV patients in General Hospital Minna, Nigeria – A randomized control trial
Published in
PLOS ONE, February 2018
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0192276
Pubmed ID
Authors

Chindo Ibrahim Bisallah, Lekhraj Rampal, Munn-Sann Lye, Sherina Mohd Sidik, Normala Ibrahim, Zubairu Iliyasu, Michael Ochigbo Onyilo

Abstract

The risk of development of active TB in HIV-infected individuals is 20-37 times higher than those that are HIV negative. Poor knowledge of TB amongst people living with HIV has been associated with high transmission. To determine the effectiveness of a new health education intervention module in improving knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding tuberculosis among HIV patients in General Hospital Minna, Nigeria. A randomized control trial was carried out from July 2015 to June 2017. A random number generating program was used to allocate 226 respondents into 2 groups. The intervention group received health education regarding tuberculosis using the developed module. The control group received the normal services provided for HIV patients. Data were collected from December 2015 to September 2016 at baseline, immediate post intervention, three, six and nine months. The outcome measures were knowledge, attitude, and practice. There was no significant difference with respect to socio-demographic characteristics, KAP of the respondents in the intervention and control group at baseline. However, there was significant improvement in knowledge in the intervention group compared to the control group, group main effect (F = (1,218) = 665.889, p = 0.001, partial ἠ2 = 0.753, d = 5.4); time (F = (3.605, 218) = 52.046, p = 0.001, partial ἠ2 = 0.193, d = 1.52) and interaction between group with time (F = (3.605, 218) = 34.028, p = 0.001, partial ἠ2 = 0.135, d = 1.23). Likewise, there was significant improvement in attitude, group main effect (p = 0.001, d = 1.26) and time (p = 0.001, p, d = 0.65). Similarly, there was improvement in practice, group main effect, time, and interaction of group with time (p < 0.05). The health education intervention program was effective in improving KAP regarding tuberculosis among HIV patients.

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The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 2 X users who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.
Mendeley readers

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 245 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 245 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 42 17%
Student > Bachelor 35 14%
Researcher 19 8%
Lecturer 16 7%
Student > Ph. D. Student 16 7%
Other 28 11%
Unknown 89 36%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Nursing and Health Professions 46 19%
Medicine and Dentistry 40 16%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 10 4%
Social Sciences 9 4%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 6 2%
Other 29 12%
Unknown 105 43%
Attention Score in Context

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 18 March 2018.
All research outputs
#14,094,152
of 23,026,672 outputs
Outputs from PLOS ONE
#114,268
of 196,302 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#181,328
of 330,912 outputs
Outputs of similar age from PLOS ONE
#1,968
of 3,544 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 23,026,672 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 37th percentile – i.e., 37% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 196,302 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 15.2. This one is in the 40th percentile – i.e., 40% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 330,912 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 43rd percentile – i.e., 43% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 3,544 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 42nd percentile – i.e., 42% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.