Water Transport in Yeasts.
Yeast Membrane Transport
Advances in experimental medicine and biology, January 2016
Sabir, Farzana, Prista, Catarina, Madeira, Ana, Moura, Teresa, Loureiro-Dias, Maria C, Soveral, Graça, Farzana Sabir, Catarina Prista, Ana Madeira, Teresa Moura, Maria C. Loureiro-Dias, Graça Soveral
Water moves across membranes through the lipid bilayer and through aquaporins, in this case in a regulated manner. Aquaporins belong to the MIP superfamily and two subfamilies are represented in yeasts: orthodox aquaporins considered to be specific water channels and aquaglyceroporins (heterodox aquaporins). In Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome, four aquaporin isoforms were identified, two of which are genetically close to orthodox aquaporins (ScAqy1 and ScAqy2) and the other two are more closely related to the aquaglyceroporins (ScFps1 and ScAqy3). Advances in the establishment of water channels structure are reviewed in this chapter in relation with the mechanisms of selectivity, conductance and gating. Aquaporins are important for key aspects of yeast physiology. They have been shown to be involved in sporulation, rapid freeze-thaw tolerance, osmo-sensitivity, and modulation of cell surface properties and colony morphology, although the underlying exact mechanisms are still unknown.
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