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Are predictors of making a quit attempt the same as predictors of 3-month abstinence from smoking? Findings from a sample of smokers recruited for a study of computer-tailored smoking cessation…

Overview of attention for article published in Addiction, June 2015
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  • In the top 25% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (85th percentile)
  • Average Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source

Mentioned by

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18 tweeters

Citations

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14 Dimensions

Readers on

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41 Mendeley
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Title
Are predictors of making a quit attempt the same as predictors of 3-month abstinence from smoking? Findings from a sample of smokers recruited for a study of computer-tailored smoking cessation advice in primary care
Published in
Addiction, June 2015
DOI 10.1111/add.12972
Pubmed ID
Authors

Dimitra Kale, Hazel M. Gilbert, Stephen Sutton

Abstract

To identify predictors of quit attempts and of 3-month abstinence from cigarette smoking. Secondary analysis of data gathered for a two-armed randomised controlled trial with 6-month follow-up. 123 general practices across the UK PARTICIPANTS: 4397 participants who completed the 6-month follow-up. Participants were categorised on self-reported smoking behaviour at 6-month follow-up as non-attempters (n = 2664), attempted quitters (n = 1548) and successful quitters (n = 185). Demographic characteristics, smoking history and nicotine dependence, cognitive and social-environmental factors measured at baseline were examined as potential predictors of quit attempts and 3-month abstinence. Univariate predictors of quit attempts included commitment (OR = 11.64, 95%CI 8.30-16.32), motivation (OR = 2.10, 95%CI 1.98-2.22) and determination to quit (OR = 1.94, 95%CI 1.83-2.05). Successful quitting was associated with being married (OR = 1.51, 95%CI 1.11-2.05), lower social deprivation (OR = 0.47, 95%CI 0.30-0.74), higher reading level (OR = 1.62, 95%CI 1.19-2.21) and lower nicotine dependence (OR = 0.42, 95%CI 0.29-0.62). Health problems related to smoking and previous quit attempts for 3 months or longer predicted both. In the multivariate analysis, the significant predictors of making a quit attempt were; later stage of readiness to quit (OR = 5.38, 95%CI 3.67-7.89), motivation (OR = 1.48, 95%CI 1.34-1.62) and determination to quit (OR = 1.16, 95%CI 1.05-1.29) and health problems related to smoking (OR = 1.44, 95%CI 1.18-1.75). For 3-month abstinence, the only significant predictor was not having health problems related to smoking (OR = 0.50, 95%CI 0.30-0.83). While high motivation and determination to quit is necessary to prompt an attempt to quit smoking, demographic factors and level of nicotine dependence are more important for maintaining abstinence.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 18 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 41 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Denmark 1 2%
Iran, Islamic Republic of 1 2%
Unknown 39 95%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 8 20%
Student > Ph. D. Student 8 20%
Researcher 6 15%
Unspecified 5 12%
Student > Bachelor 3 7%
Other 11 27%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 15 37%
Psychology 8 20%
Unspecified 8 20%
Nursing and Health Professions 5 12%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 2 5%
Other 3 7%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 11. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 24 September 2015.
All research outputs
#1,518,030
of 13,597,380 outputs
Outputs from Addiction
#1
of 1 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#32,284
of 227,294 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Addiction
#17
of 36 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 13,597,380 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done well and is in the 88th percentile: it's in the top 25% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 1 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 0.0. This one scored the same or higher as 0 of them.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 227,294 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done well, scoring higher than 85% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 36 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one is in the 41st percentile – i.e., 41% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.