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Workplace violence towards workers in the emergency departments of Palestinian hospitals: a cross-sectional study

Overview of attention for article published in Human Resources for Health, May 2015
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 25% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • Good Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (74th percentile)

Mentioned by

1 policy source
6 tweeters


80 Dimensions

Readers on

234 Mendeley
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Workplace violence towards workers in the emergency departments of Palestinian hospitals: a cross-sectional study
Published in
Human Resources for Health, May 2015
DOI 10.1186/s12960-015-0018-2
Pubmed ID

Motasem Hamdan, Asma’a Abu Hamra


Workplace violence (WPV) in hospital emergency departments (EDs) is a common problem. The objective of this study was to assess the characteristics (level and type), associated risk factors, causes, and consequences of WPV against workers in Palestinian EDs. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 14 out of the available 39 EDs in Palestine: 8 from the West Bank and 6 from the Gaza Strip. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire between July-September 2013. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to examine risk factors associated with exposure to WPV. A total of 444 participants (response rate 74.5%): 161(32.0%) nurses, 142(32%) physicians, and 141(31.7%) administrative personnel. The majority (76.1%) experienced a type of WPV in the past 12 months: 35.6% exposed to physical and 71.2% to non-physical assaults (69.8% verbal abuses, 48.4% threats, and 8.6% sexual harassments). Perpetrators of physical and non-physical violence were mainly patients' families/visitors (85.4% and 79.5%, respectively). Waiting time, lack of prevention measures, and unmet expectations of patients and their families are the main reasons for WPV. The multivariate regression analysis showed that younger personnel (OR = 2.29 CI 95% 1.309-4.036), clinicians (nurses and physicians) (OR = 1.65 CI 95% 0.979-2.797) comparing with administrative, and less experienced ED personnel (OR = 2.39 CI 95% 1.141-5.006) are significantly at higher risk of exposure to WPV (P < 0.05). Low level (40%) of violence reporting is evident, largely attributed to not enough actions being taken and fear of consequences. Violence has been shown to have considerable consequences for workers' well-being, patient care, and job retention. Violence against workers in Palestinian EDs is highly common. The effects of violence are considerable. Multiple factors cause violence; however, EDs' internal-system-related factors are the most amenable to change. Attention should be given to strengthening violence prevention policy and measures and improving incident-reporting system.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 6 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 234 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Italy 1 <1%
Saudi Arabia 1 <1%
Unknown 232 99%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 44 19%
Student > Master 35 15%
Researcher 17 7%
Student > Ph. D. Student 17 7%
Student > Postgraduate 14 6%
Other 37 16%
Unknown 70 30%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 68 29%
Nursing and Health Professions 60 26%
Psychology 9 4%
Social Sciences 7 3%
Neuroscience 3 1%
Other 11 5%
Unknown 76 32%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 6. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 01 February 2022.
All research outputs
of 22,053,897 outputs
Outputs from Human Resources for Health
of 1,121 outputs
Outputs of similar age
of 246,065 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Human Resources for Health
of 1 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 22,053,897 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done well and is in the 75th percentile: it's in the top 25% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 1,121 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a lot more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 11.5. This one is in the 48th percentile – i.e., 48% of its peers scored the same or lower than it.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 246,065 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 74% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them