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Consumo de hortaliças e sua relação com os alimentos ultraprocessados no Brasil

Overview of attention for article published in Revista de Saúde Pública, May 2018
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Title
Consumo de hortaliças e sua relação com os alimentos ultraprocessados no Brasil
Published in
Revista de Saúde Pública, May 2018
DOI 10.11606/s1518-8787.2018052000111
Pubmed ID
Authors

Daniela Silva Canella, Maria Laura da Costa Louzada, Rafael Moreira Claro, Janaina Calu Costa, Daniel Henrique Bandoni, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Ana Paula Bortoletto Martins

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To characterize the household purchase and the individual consumption of vegetables in Brazil and to analyze their relation with the consumption of ultra-processed foods. METHODS We have used data on the purchase of food for household consumption and individual consumption from the 2008-2009 Brazilian Household Budget Survey. The Brazilian Household Budget Survey studied the purchase of food of 55,970 households and the food consumption of 34,003 individuals aged 10 years and over. The foods of interest in this study were vegetables (excluding roots and tubers) and ultra-processed foods. We have described the amount of vegetables (grams) purchased and consumed by all Brazilians and according to the quintiles of caloric intake of ultra-processed food. To this end, we have calculated the crude and predicted values obtained by regression models adjusted for sociodemographic variables. We have analyzed the most commonly purchased types of vegetables (% in the total amount) and, in relation to individual food consumption, the variety of vegetables consumed (absolute number), the participation (%) of the types of culinary preparations based on vegetables, and the time of consumption. RESULTS The adjusted mean household purchase of vegetables was 42.9 g/per capita/day. The adjusted mean individual consumption was 46.1 g. There was an inverse relation between household purchase and individual consumption of vegetables and ultra-processed foods. Ten types of vegetables account for more than 80% of the total amount usually purchased. The variety consumed was, on average, 1.08 type/per capita/day. Approximately 60% of the vegetables were eaten raw, and the amount consumed at lunch was twice that consumed at dinner; individuals with higher consumption of ultra-processed foods tended to consume even less vegetables at dinner. CONCLUSIONS The consumption of vegetables in Brazil is insufficient, and this is worse among individuals with higher consumption of ultra-processed foods. The most frequent habit was to consume raw vegetables at lunch and with limited variety.

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 102 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 102 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 22 22%
Student > Bachelor 10 10%
Student > Ph. D. Student 9 9%
Student > Doctoral Student 8 8%
Student > Postgraduate 8 8%
Other 20 20%
Unknown 25 25%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Nursing and Health Professions 23 23%
Medicine and Dentistry 17 17%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 10 10%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 4 4%
Engineering 2 2%
Other 11 11%
Unknown 35 34%